Questions tagged [node]

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1answer
40 views

Tor protocol server-side

I am trying to understand the protocol used when a hidden service establishes itself on the Tor network. I read multiple documentations about it, but its not all clear to me. If I understand correctly,...
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1answer
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What's the difference between 'secret_id_key' and 'ed25519_master_id_key'?

I'm running a TOR relay and I'm confused with the node identity keys. The secret_id_key is the identity key that was used in version 2, but now the ed25519_master_id_key is used for version 3? Thanks.
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Why do I get connected to TOR nodes that I excluded in TORRC?

I'm testing the TOR browser bundle and I keep getting connected to exit nodes in countries that I've explicitly excluded in my torrc: StrictNodes 1 ExcludeExitNodes {ad},{ar},{au},{at},{bs},{by},{be},...
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1answer
35 views

How to determine which version of tor a node is running

https://metrics.torproject.org/rs.html can see which version of Tor a node is running. How do you remotely determine that? E.g. with ssh I can simply telnet server 22 and the server will tell me which ...
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64 views

Not possible to connect some countries

I was running Tor-0.2.9.9 till yestoday, thene I updated to the new version Tor-0.4.5.5-rc now i cannot connect to Japan or India anymore and also to some other countries. In version Tor-0.2.9.9 it ...
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1answer
18 views

exclude all IP that start w/ X

How to exclude all nodes with IP that start with some number? Priority for ExitNodes, but all it's well too.
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56 views

Cannot change torrc - file keeps getting overwritten

I want to add custom settings to my torrc file, but every time I start the Tor Browser Bundle, the contents get reset. How do I make the changes permanent?
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76 views

How to simulate tor in a close network?

I'm interested in setting up a simulated tor network on a closed network. I'd like to setup multiple VMs as tor relays and somehow have tor on another VM create a circuit based on the list of tor ...
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0answers
52 views

Who creates malicious Tor nodes, why, and how to they work?

I understand the concept of a malicious Tor node, but am confused on a few things. Who makes malicious Tor nodes? I assume non-Tor friendly governments and non-government threat actors. Why would ...
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2answers
306 views

Tor deanonymization via ISPs

We known that an adversary can deanonymize a user (on clearnet) if it controls both the guard and the exit node. But is that neccesary? We know that the NSA gets huge amounts of data from the internet....
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0answers
25 views

How does a Tor client find the correct HSDir to connect to when fetching a "descriptor" of a hidden service?

It seems that a Tor client connects to a HSDir through a circuit of 3 Tor nodes when retrieving a hidden service descriptor. But to access a hidden service, a user only needs to know the .onion ...
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1answer
74 views

What are the current default lengths in Hidden Service related circuits?

I have been trying to understand the process behind Hidden Services and something that is confusing me is the circuit lengths between different components in the Hidden Service Scenario. So far, I ...
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61 views

Is it possible to run a Tor middle node on Windows 10?

I have a Windows PC, and I'm wanting to run a middle node on it. The problem is, after a LOT of googling, I see nothing on how to run a middle node on Windows. In fact, on https://community.torproject....
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2answers
292 views

How did Ross William Ulbricht get caught if he was inside the TOR network and did not leave through the exit node?

The question is simple. If Ross William Ulbricht running a darknet market inside a TOR network and he never exits through the exit node, and obviously he won't need to, so how did he get caught? I ...
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1answer
185 views

How can you reduce the chances of connecting to a malicious exit node?

What can you do to avoid connecting with a malicious exit node? Besides choosing a country where you are less likely to have a malicious exit node. What countries do you think are more likely to be ...
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1answer
237 views

Does connecting to a normal website using tor work the same way as connecting to a hidden website?

When you connect to a normal website using tor, is the process of connecting to it the same as when you connect to a hidden website? First you connect to the entry node, then middle node then exit ...
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3answers
82 views

What is the purpose of the middle node?

So I'm just trying to understand the functioning of the Tor network from Robert Heaton fantastic article. My understanding is that the guaranty Tor tries to give is that no node knows which source IP ...
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2answers
86 views

Does tor and entry or relay node with nyx utility keep in save any logs that can deanonymize users of my node?

Does tor and entry or relay node with nyx utility keep in save any logs that allow to get information that can deanonymize the user (for example, any entries (notes, logs) about the ip-addresses of ...
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1answer
47 views

How to see how many people are transmitting traffic through my entry or relay node now (live)?

Can I see it any way, and if yes, where, how many people are transmitting traffic through my entry or relay node now (live)? Maybe there are some sites or software where I can see if my node is the ...
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3answers
55 views

Does the exit node see which second node transmitted the given traffic?

Does the exit node see which second node transmitted the given traffic, and do other nodes see the same thing? (Does node see the previous node that sent this traffic?) And do nodes see any nodes of ...
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1answer
47 views

Entry node on virtualbox with linux on usb?

How to make and run up entry (or relay) node of tor on virtualbox with linux on usb ? Will it work same as node, installed and ran on usual computer (on host) with linux? Should I install and run up ...
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0answers
173 views

TOR browser - -ExcludeNodes doesn't work

Using Linux, at torrc. Format used: (at end file) ExcludeNodes {...},{...},{...},{...} ExcludeExitNodes {...},{...},{...},{...} Continues connecting to excluded country nodes. Know how to fix?
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74 views

Can my university network IT see the IP address of the obfs4 bridge node?

Can my university network IT see the IP address of the obfs4 bridge node when I use my private laptop computer and Tor Browser to log in my university network account and connect to the Tor network? ...
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3answers
233 views

In onion v3 services, how does the client know the "HSDir" that have the necessary descriptor to connect to the onion service?

I've read the "Tor Rendezvous Specification - Version 3" and I can't find out how the client knows the "HSDir" nodes that store the onion service descriptor that indicates the introduction points ...
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1answer
115 views

Are Tor network nodes/relays proxies? If not, what is the difference?

I would like to know if there is any difference between the concept of "proxy" and the nodes (also known as relays) that make up the Tor network. I mean: Are the nodes proxies themselves? If not, what'...
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1answer
518 views

Tor keeps in “searching informations about the relay” when ExitNodes parameter is set in torcc file

I added some lines in my torcc file. At first I added: ExitNodes {fr},{be},{ch},{lu},{mc} StrictNodes 1 When I launch Tor with Vidalia it keeps in the state "searching informations about the relay",...
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1answer
560 views

Why is torrenting over tor discouraged? Can the practice be benifitial to the tor network?

I have seen various sources saying this should not be done, and the argument is that the network cannot handle the load. Fine. But what I want to ask about is the following: what if someone created a ...
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1answer
209 views

TOR How does middle node know which chain a packet belongs to?

"Tor works like a chain of proxies, where each proxy only knows about the next hop and the previous hop." I presume that a TOR node may be part of more than one circuit though, how does it know which ...
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1answer
57 views

How to check the realtime data transfer amount of my Tor relay

Recently I have set up a Tor relay, I can view the approximate data usage from the [Heartbeat] notifications, but as far as I know you can't manually activate it. As well, I'm SSHing to my server, and ...
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1answer
835 views

Configuring my Tor browser to use more than three relays (nodes)

The title of the question speaks for it self. Can I configure Tor to use more than three relays (nodes)? I suppose that it won't be possible inside the native Tor Browser, because that can only use ...
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1answer
561 views

Why does TOR not intentionally choose nodes from different countries?

I've read than if an attacker could control both entry and exit node into the tor network he could easily de-anonymize TOR users. I have also read that TOR chooses nodes at random. So my question is ...
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1answer
167 views

How is it possible that tor is using 4 nodes instead of three? Is my secur

How is it possible that tor is using 4 nodes instead of three? Has tor been modified or is my security under threat
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1answer
372 views

Why my Tor relay server only use 10-15% of my bandwidth?

my relay (https://metrics.torproject.org/rs.html#details/FA371BD2B25519D65B956BB732938E28BB4FE809) has a traffic rate of 500kbits and some very short peaks to 3mb. But why only 500kbits? I have enough ...
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1answer
255 views

How can I run my own tor node or hop?

I want to run my own tor node/hop and may be use it as an exit node. Do you have any information?
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1answer
255 views

Where can I find a specific node to exit from?

I have been doing a bit of research and I know it is as simple as adding the "Exitnodes IP address" command to the torrc file. I was just wondering if there is a publicly available list of IP ...
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1answer
431 views

Can we query a Relay to get its descriptors?

Parsing the Tor Consensus gives us the IP Addresses of active relays in the Tor network. Is there a way of getting a relay's descriptors from that particular relay itself ? Thanks :)
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1answer
623 views

I've successfully specified my exit node to be US, but Spotify Webplayer still detects a different country. How can I fix this?

I've configured Tor to always have a US exit node, but when I go to the URL for Spotify Web Player, it says Spotify has not been released in your country yet (Spotify is released in the US). I have ...
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1answer
57 views

What do ORs 'know'?

It is often said that each node 'knows' the preceding and proceding nodes. But what identification information does the node have exactly? Just the IP address? Also, as a result of what protocol does ...
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1answer
103 views

If I am running a Middle Tor Node, can I get malware from it?

If I am running a Middle Tor Node, is it possible to get malware from malware going through the node?
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2answers
112 views

Daily or monthly traffic limit recommended?

If I can only offer a small amount of traffic e.g. 20 GB per month for my middle relay would you recommend to set a monthly limit or a daily limit? Setting the traffic limit to 20 GB would mean the ...
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2answers
466 views

From a metadata perspective, what does an entry node know about its clients?

I am wondering what an entry node knows about its users. I know they do not know where you are sending data or what the data is because of onion routing and encryption respectively. But, does TOR take ...
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1answer
50 views

How does a tor node knows that the next hop is a node and not the final destination? [duplicate]

I was reading https://security.stackexchange.com/questions/36571/why-can-a-tor-exit-node-decrypt-data-but-not-the-entry-node and it got me thinking: How does a tor node knows that the next hop is a ...
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575 views

Can Tor nodes know their position in the circuit?

It is documented which node knows what. I'm wondering if the nodes in the circuit know their own relative position. For normal three relay paths, they certainly can infer their position: the exit ...