Questions tagged [circuit]

A Tor circuit is a private network pathway built incrementally as a series of encrypted connections through relays on the network.

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If a client builds a full circuit to the rendezvous point, how can there be 6 hops between client and hidden service?

On https://2019.www.torproject.org/docs/onion-services it says that whenever the client or server contacts the rendezvous point or one introduction point, it always builds a full tor circuit. So, why ...
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Problem getting chutney to configure

I am trying to get chutney running with a basic network configuration and I keep getting a bootstrapping error. I can't figure out exactly why it's failing and I'm hoping someone can help me. Here is ...
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How TBB commands tor to use a “New Circuit for this Site”?

Tor Browser Bundle has "New Circuit for this Site" button (or Ctrl/Cmd + Shift + L shortcut), doing what it says: changing circuit for specific domain. The question is: how TBB do it? And ...
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Who creates malicious Tor nodes, why, and how to they work?

I understand the concept of a malicious Tor node, but am confused on a few things. Who makes malicious Tor nodes? I assume non-Tor friendly governments and non-government threat actors. Why would ...
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How to open a new circuit for every new tab?

I would like to open a new circuit for every new tab automatically, so everytime I open a new tab I get a different IP. Is it possible? I could not find any info on the web about that.
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My Tor relay has different numbers of incoming from outgoing connections

I am looking at nyx and it says (on page 2) "connections (2691 inbound, 3731 outbound)". Now my relay is guard/middle, so shouldn't each incoming connection lead to one outgoing connection ...
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Disconnect after X minutes inactivity?

I read somewhere its not a good idea to remain connected to TOR network for long periods of time because it gives an attackers more opportunity to de-anonymize. The machine I am using is unatttended ...
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Can opening new windows/tabs in Tor acidentally bypass onioun routing and leak ip?

I was surfing in www via Tor browser bundle on Windows (Im novice in it) and I just`ve noticed that sometimes (but not every time) when I click on random link and choose "Open in new window" ...
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What if one entity controls all three Tor nodes?

If anybody is able to make themselves a Tor server, what is to stop a security agency from populating the list of Tor servers with many of their own? If they have enough servers there, then might they ...
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53 views

Why can't a modified guard node compromise the network?

This is a newbie and probably a lame question but it popped up while I was reading the design doc: https://svn-archive.torproject.org/svn/projects/design-paper/tor-design.pdf If theoretically someone ...
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39 views

What are the current default lengths in Hidden Service related circuits?

I have been trying to understand the process behind Hidden Services and something that is confusing me is the circuit lengths between different components in the Hidden Service Scenario. So far, I ...
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How Tor is build and how can someone build something Tor/overlay network or routers?

Things I know: I have been using Tor for like a few years now, and I have a good idea of how "Tor/Onion routing" works. I have gone through the Tor's original paper (by Nick and Roger) and ...
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How to modify the TOR connection timeout?

TOR seems to drop the initial choice and select a new guard node, when it fails to build a circuit/connect to a guard node within a certain time interval (which is in the order of 30-60 seconds). Can ...
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Automated script for selecting fast TOR circuit?

I noticed a significant variance in bandwidth with different TOR circuits. Some are fast enough for streaming HD videos, while others take ages just loading web pages unless Javascript is deactivated. ...
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Does Tor daemon build multiple circuit when multiple clients connects to it?

Let's say I have a Tor Browser, nodejs and curl all sending requests using Tor's SOCKS5 proxy. Will requests from different clients routed through the same exit node? Or does each client get their own ...
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Integrating Tor Browser and Python to get the same circute

This is a cross post from my StackOverFlow question(also I little edited). Ok, my question is quite straightforward: I want to use Python to make automated requests with stem (or any other library ...
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Why are entry nodes allowed to know that they are entry nodes?

Right now, a user can be deanonymized if an attacker controls the entry node and the exit node in a Tor circuit. The attacker can discover the IP of the originator, and the site they are accessing. It ...
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Has Tor Browser stopped displaying circuits?

I started using Tor v4 most intrigued by the display of the circuit path it followed, 4 nodes from at least 2 countries and usually 3 or 4. Now at v9 I don't see it anymore. Has display of the ...
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Tor Guard Selection

so I am trying to understand the Tor path selection in more details especially for the entry guard. So i read in the path-spec.txt that there is a bandwidth weighted entry guard selection where the ...
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Higher probability that nodes with higher bandwidth are selected for circuit

In the course of my master thesis I am currently trying to rebuild a simplified version of the selection algorithm from Tor. During my research, I found the following selection algorithm in some ...
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102 views

How to view circuit details (including security keys) in Tor?

I wonder if its possible to find the session keys for Tor's circuit for a hidden service such as facebookcorewwwi.onion (or public site)? There are 4 keys used in connecting to a site: Key between ...
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Why don't we have more than one entry node per tor circuit?

A typical tor circuit has Browser -> entryNode(A) -> relay(B) -> exitNode(C) -> Server This is prone to timing related attacks if both entryNode and exitNode are controlled by the ...
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Are relays chosen by location proximity, e.g. county, for circuit building?

Are relays chosen by location proximity, e.g. county, for circuit building? I know that there exists some rules but I didn't read anything about location. If the location of a client is not ...
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162 views

Does my internet speed matter?

Does my internet speed matter if I use same circuit, nodes/hops? There are 3 PC's: 1st one is connected to 100Mbps internet speed 2nd 500Mbps internet speed 3rd 1Gbps internet speed In case all of ...
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Is it possible to make a program that will use different circuit for each request? Even if the requests are parallel?

I want to make a program that will use new circuit for each request (even if the requests are parallel) to avoid linkability. Is it possible?
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How to configure node restrictions in Tor Browser 8.5.6 for Android?

In Tor Browser for Windows, I can edit the torrc file for things like ExcludeNodes and ExitNodes. In Orbot for Android, there is a settings menu where these can be configured. In Tor Browser 8.5.6 ...
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displaying streams from onion service to rendezvous point

Using the Linux onioncircuits package or carml monitor, I see circuits for onions that I'm accessing (client-side circuits). I also see circuits for onions that I'm hosting, and accessing from another ...
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Why is the pub-key of diffie hellmann from Alice (OP) to Bob (OR) encrypted?

For building a circuit Alice contacts Bob (OR) and send her pub diffie-hellmann key encrypted with Bobs pub key. Bob sends his public-diffie-hellmann key and the session key hashed ("only" TLS ...
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Track Tor circuit via ISP logs

I have some question about the very basics of tor, as this keeps bugging me now for some time: As far as I know every tor node is only aware of the ip address of the following node. For example the ...
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161 views

The problem about stem's new_circuit and extend_circuit?

I have read the document of Stem. I notice that new_circuit() and extend_circuit() can create new circuit.However,I have two problems: I can't make sure when I create a new circuit, will the old ...
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302 views

Share circuit on localhost:9050 to the rest of the internal network

Might be a little off-topic but I don't know maybe it's more related to tor than networking. Basically, I have the following scenario I want to accomplish: home access point is 192.168.1.1, ...
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640 views

Differences between Onion Routing (Public Key) and Tor-Circuit (Session Key)

I have a hard time understanding how a message is transmitted, when the Public Keys are used and when the Session Keys. Tor Client connects to a directory server to get a list of active relays & ...
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circuit_build_no_more_hops: Bug: 2-hop circuit 0x7fd6935ce4c0 with purpose 5 has no guard state

For research, I need to create custom circuits using stem. I ran code, but a warning occurred in Tor application: [warn] circuit_build_no_more_hops: Bug: 2-hop circuit 0x7fd6935ce4c0 with purpose 5 ...
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804 views

Tor 8 no longer has Green Onion with option to change circuitcharley

My PC auto-updated to Tor 8 and I no longer have the green onion on the left side of the browser where I can check my circuit or change to a new circuit. Can I roll back to an earlier version of Tor ...
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201 views

customizing tor browser bundle

I want to create a browser bundle that supports the following things: there is a standalone tor process that i launch it using the controller connection from the stem library and i manually connect ...
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2k views

Why Tor doesn't support UDP?

Tor relays reject UDP packets except DNS requests. What is the technical reason behind that UDP is not routed through Tor circuit? Are there limitations with UDP protocol that it cannot be routed ...
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545 views

Signal NEWNYM vs Stream isolation

Resources. This answer explains well what happens at NEWNYM request, and I also dig into the code, yet my lack of knowledge on low level networking prevents me to make a proper design decision if ...
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102 views

would torify use the same circuit as tbb when both are in operation?

Let's say I'm using both tbb and torify at the same time. For e.g. I'm using tor to browser/look at tor.stackexchange.com. At the same time I am running torify on a different url say https://aaa.bbb....
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187 views

Every entry node is in the USA [duplicate]

With this tor version (I can't tell you because it isn't shown anywhere in the browser) every entry node is from the USA only. I'm always trying to avoid any node from USA or little britain. But it ...
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546 views

Tor circuit for this site (-unknown-)

Whatever website I am on, it's never displayed in the "Tor circuit for this site" panel. It always says "(-unknown-)". Is this a problem?
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Tor connection comparison inquiry

I am new to Tor and I have been trying to understand its inner workings. I was wondering how many extra trips across the Internet are in a connection to Tor hidden service compared to directly ...
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1k views

“New Tor circuit for this site” does not work?

I'm using Tor for some time now. It seems that "New Tor circuit for this site" has stopped to work. I use Tor to access libgen.io. When Netherland is the last (before internet) node, no matter how ...
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Hacking Tor in my spy/thriller novel

Question: What are plausible circumstances in which one could hack an individual Onion Router to discover the location of the previous router? Reason: I’m an aspiring writer, working on a spy-...
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Hacking Tor through RAM

Is it possible to identify the middle router by extracting data from the RAM of the exit router?
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Data saved in Onion Routers

I’m an aspiring writer, working on a spy-thriller novel with Tor as part of the plot. Is it hypothetically possible to hack an individual Onion Router to discover the location of the previous router? ...
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11k views

WARN: Failed to find node for hop 0 of our path. Discarding this circuit

Not exactly what to however I have recently moved to windows 10 and I can no longer use tor. When ever I try to connect, it never moves past 85% and spams 04/07/17 15:52:23 PM.600 [WARN] Failed to ...
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OR Forward and reverse keys

It's my understanding that between the user and an OR there are two symmetric keys, one for sending data forward and another for receiving data. These keys are forged according to either TAP, which ...
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Tor encryption combination

I'm trying to understand exactly how Tor builds a circuit with encryption. I've read the Tor design literature and have a pretty good grasp on it, however I'm left with the following misunderstanding. ...
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torsocks over torsocks? (by accident)

Sometimes I'll $ torsocks --shell, then forget I'm in a torified shell and hours later do $ torsocks curl https://website.com. Does torsocks know not to do tor over tor? Is there some kind of idiot ...
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Does Tor choose nodes from nearby countries to create circuits?

I am from a European country, and usually the circuits created by Tor include nearby European countries (although Tor sometimes chooses nodes from remote countries, but this is very rare). My question ...