Questions tagged [onion-routing]

Questions relating to onion routing, and onion routing protocols

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Tor Browser Within Whonix Network

I have a VM which is connected to Whonix Gateway. Tor browser inside The VM is trying to connect to tor network ( again :\ ) it fails and i am not able to use it. how should i Troubleshoot this ? ( i ...
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Why do all the generated Tor v3 vanity addresses end with "d"?

Recently I noticed that all the V3 addresses end in "d". Some examples from Ahmia.fi search results ("Tor" was the search query): ...
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Error accessing onion service websites

When I access sites on the onion network, I get the following error: [warn] Onion address [scrubbed] requested from a port with .onion disabled how do I solve this problem?
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How can I arrange proxies with tor in a specific order in proxychain?

I am aware that I can have the proxy list in order with "Dynamic chaining". However I am not sure with the flow of the connections in relation with tor (like will proxy go first before tor ...
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Can't stream audio over Tor

I'm trying to stream audio over Tor and the browser doesn't seem to download any bytes from the request. The request doesn't fail or anything, it just stays at 0B downloaded. This is my setup: VLC (...
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Hide/disable clearnet website and make onyl available through onion link

it seems like an easy question but I cannot find good information. I have built a PHP website that is of course available in the clearnet through the IP and I have a hidden service running (so it is ...
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What is the difference of double onion and just onion?

Can anyone eli5 the difference of double onion and onion? How many hops will doubleonion use?
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Could there be a way to make the Tor network faster by paying money?

Suppose someone has a lot of monero (or some other sufficiently private currency) and they want to have highest possible data throughput while maintaining anonymity. Has anyone researched protocols ...
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One site will not load on TOR

I have used TOR for a while now, and I have no problems, except it is a bit slow to load pages, which is fine. www.netspend.com/activation is a site to activate a VISA debit card, which I want to ...
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How to disable JavaScript on Servers

if you're a client using a Torbrowser, it's recommended to disable JavaScript. But if you're a server providing a service - how to disable JavaScript? TIA
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Own TOR website to mirror another tor website

is this possible to to mirror any tor website to my tor site? I found some article about such https://itgala.xyz/nginx-reverse-proxy-to-onion-site-in-tor-network/ My Nginx config: /etc/nginx/sites-...
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Tor doesn't work until I run "Tor" in the terminal

Tor@default.service fails to run and journalctl -eu tor@default outputs this - https://campfirebg.eu5.org/upload/log.txt Any help?
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Tor doesn't read the torrc file

When I tried to create a .onion service by modifying the torrc file, nothing happened. I mean nothing. The official website says that if tor is not starting then there is a problem. Well tor is ...
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Prosody XMPP server with onion domain

I set up the XMPP Prosody server in conjunction with the onion domain, it works fine with v2 domains, but when I trying to configure it with onion v3, it does not connect. Everything is clear in ...
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Map Multiple Tor Daemon Local Names/Addreses/Ports to Multiple Country Specific ExitNodes

All: Is it possible to Map Multiple Tor Daemon Local Names/Addresses/Ports to Multiple Country Specific ExitNodes without running multiple instances of the Tor daemon? amazon.cn (127.0.0.1) => ...
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Multiple hidden services on one server

How is it that I can host multiple (static) hidden services on one server? I am just needing 3 simple and static HTML sites with their own .onion? If I add multiple HiddenServiceDir do they have to be ...
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UFW Rules and Tor

Would the following rules still allow Tor or would I need to add something? Also running DNScrypt with 1.1.1.1 in case that matters and I would also like to use a bridge. ~$ sudo ufw allow out on <...
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Why doesn't Tor use garlic routing?

Garlic routing is a variant of onion routing which the Invisible Internet Project (I2P) uses. Why doesn't Tor use garlic routing instead of onion routing?
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Q & A: What is garlic routing and how is it different from onion routing?

Tor uses onion routing while I2P uses garlic routing. What exactly is garlic routing and how is it different from onion routing?
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Can G-suite admins see browsing history when im using an onion browser

Couldnt find any answers online. Thanks in advance!
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Tor hiden service ratelimits

While we are building a denial of service protection using and onionbalance for our HSv3 resources was discovered an interesting thing: during testing with simulated DDoS (launched 1000 tor client ...
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Why does the Tor browser come with DuckDuckGo (normal) as the default search engine and not DuckDuckGo onion?

After installing the Tor browser, the user's default search engine is https://duckduckgo.com. However, it make more sense for the user to search with DuckDuckGo's onion service. This way all the ...
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Are .onion sites decentralized?

Blockchain technology has given rise to something called "decentralized domains" like .crypto that cannot be censored, nor rented (in the case of namebase.io), unlike DNS domains like .com ...
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Why does having a second non-Tor browser open compromise your anonymity on Tor?

Using Tor by itself gives anonymity, but I heard that you must avoid opening a clearnet web browser at the same time as Tor otherwise it can leak your identity. Why and how does the second browser ...
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What's the difference between darknet, clearnet and hidden services?

Hidden services and darknet seem to be conjoined concepts, although distinct as the former seems to be a feature of the latter, not vice versa. But the description of the "clearnet" tag ...
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Are .onion sites also written in HTML?

Websites are primarily saved in .htm(l) format, being based on HTML (hypertext mark-up language), CSS, sometimes Javascript. Are .onion sites on the darknet no different, or are there unique coding ...
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Besides .onion, what other domain extensions exist for the darknet?

Clearnet has hundreds of top-level domain extensions (TLDs): .com, .net, .org, .co.uk, .tv, etc It's hard to believe that only one TLD, .onion, was made for the darknet. Are there any other domain ...
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What's so bad about using Tor from home?

If Tor browser anonymizes our IP address, why go to extra lengths to not use Tor from home? What added benefit does going to a public wi-fi hotspot even provide a Tor user? Does it simply defend ...
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Tails OS on one USB drive, but save downloaded files to second USB or SD drive

If two USB drives are connected to a Windows notebook, one containing the Tails OS, are there any security loopholes or anonymity breaches by downloading files from .onion sites to the second USB ...
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Search engine optimization for .onion sites

Torch is an example of a darknet search engine. How can search engine optimization (SEO) be done to make an .onion site appear at the top of search results? how is darknet SEO different than regular ...
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Does the Tor browser save cached versions of .onion sites to computer?

When browsing the web, cached versions of websites are downloaded and saved for indefinite periods automatically by internet browsers. Every image and .html file associated with the website are stored ...
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2 votes
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Month-long bitcoin subscription on .onion sites: How are returning subscribers identified each day?

If a month-long subscription is paid in Bitcoin to an .onion site using Tor browser, how does that site still recognize/identify the same anonymous user when the return in subsequent sessions, given ...
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Tor without Tails or VPN

How easy is it for the ISP or other party to see online movement of someone using the Tor browser without the Tails OS, as well as without a VPN? From what's written Tor doesn't automatically come ...
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Tor Address Migrate/Copying [duplicate]

Hello, I want to move my v3 onion address to the new server. How can I do? Thanks
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What would be an example of a routing protocol that preserves anonymity even if the Guard Node and Exit Node are both compromised

I was reading a comment discussion on the answer to this question Where it's basically revealed that large numbers of middle nodes do not provide any additional security if the Guard Node and Exit ...
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Is the cell at the rendezvous encrypted with only the symmetric key exchanged with the HS?

My question pertains to the scenario after the client and the HS have exchanged a symmetric key. So, we have the following circuit: Client -- c_relay_1(guard) -- c_relay_2 -- RP -- s_relay_3 -- ...
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How to get Onion v3 private key file from files generated by mkp224o?

I have genarated a castom onion v3 domain by using mkp224o i got 3 file hostname hs_ed25519_public_key hs_ed25519_secret_key now I need the private key file to upload it to the TOR host's server. I ...
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How to route all network traffic through tor

I'm trying to create a network that sends all traffic through tor. So far I've got a PFsense box acting as a router and a separate debian instance with tor installed and running. Is there a way to ...
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All onion channels show HungryTREX as first node

after upgrading to Tails 4.14, the first server in all onion channels is HungryTREX with an IP address from Toronto, Canada. This isn't looking sane, but what I do know... Many services are ...
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Different ports or different hidden services?

Talking in terms of privacy, is it better to use the same .onion domain, mapping different ports to the same .onion or is it better to generate different hidden services?
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Will Tor route thru my internet connection (and back) when connecting to onion service on local network?

I want to run a Nextcloud server on my home network and I also want it to be accessible from the internet. Instead trying to tunnel the port to internet and messing with SSL certificates, running it ...
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If a client builds a full circuit to the rendezvous point, how can there be 6 hops between client and hidden service?

On https://2019.www.torproject.org/docs/onion-services it says that whenever the client or server contacts the rendezvous point or one introduction point, it always builds a full tor circuit. So, why ...
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Samsung Email Client

I have tor running through Termux on my phone and I was able to set up Firefox Android to use that tor connection without any problems. Now, I'd like to be able to use the stock Samsung Email Client ...
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Host a hidden service on a different port and access from clearnet

I have an hidden service hosted on port 8080 (cause port 80 is busy on another service) and I'd like to allow people visit it through web proxies like onion.sh. Unfortunately, I have no idea on how to ...
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What programming languages are used to build tor hidden webpages (dark web webpages)

**Which programming languages are used to write onion webpages . and is it possible to use tor browser on Linux distributions with obtaining full anonymity? , and finally where can I study the onion ...
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4 votes
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What is the key blinding function used in the hidden service protocol v3?

I've read the rend-spec-v3.txt document which is supposed to be the specification for the v3 hidden service protocol. The document makes several references to a key blinding function that takes in an ...
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How does a Tor client find the correct HSDir to connect to when fetching a "descriptor" of a hidden service?

It seems that a Tor client connects to a HSDir through a circuit of 3 Tor nodes when retrieving a hidden service descriptor. But to access a hidden service, a user only needs to know the .onion ...
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Onion circuits on tails

When I open onion circuits on tails the first column all have the same name, fingerprint, ip, is that normal?
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obfs4 bridge every 10-20 seconds send and receive some data on static or default browser pages

Is it kind of normal experience? When I'm just on static, already downloaded page or default Tor browser page, in network statistics on PC every ~5-10-20 sec small unidentified packets send or receive ...
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Does ISP know I have an onion server if I set up a onion website at home?

I wanna set up a onion server at home . But does my ISP know that ??
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