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Questions tagged [onion-routing]

Questions relating to onion routing, and onion routing protocols

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What are the exact technical differences between the error messages when the client cant connect to the hidden service?

when you browse a hidden service which is not there anymore you can see two different error messages. English: Server Not Found / Hmm. We're having trouble finding that site. German: Server nicht ...
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1answer
36 views

Is it possible to get a specific .onion domain or a domain containing a certain string? [duplicate]

I am trying to create an Onion Service however in the configuration guide it appears that Tor generates a random .onion url for each service so I was wondering if there was a way to get a particular ....
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13 views

Drawing a blank

I don't use Tor that often, but how do I access .onion sites. I am completely lost - I remember my name, password, and pin - but how to get there? HELP!
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50 views

How do we extend our privacy on TOR circuit?

The Tor Browser bounces your communications data through distributed network of relays by encrypting traffic in at least three layers selected from thousands of volunteer computers, thus making ...
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2answers
41 views

How do I use tor network to access my email account

Is there anyway to use tor network to securely access me email accounts like with onion? I use tor browser to access my email account and sent my self an email to another email service and it showed ...
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1answer
72 views

Can onion directories find my address? [duplicate]

I know most onion directories use crawlers to collect onion addresses. If I never share my onion address publicly or with anyone, can onion directories still find ways of discovering the address? ...
2
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1answer
47 views

Relay cell size moving backward

I have been studying the papers on Tor and Onion Routing for my thesis and I have been trying to figure out how the whole cell size works. In the OR paper it is made clear that when a cell moves in ...
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1answer
24 views

Setting up relay on Ubuntu 16.04

This is our torrc file configuration: SocksPort 0 RunAsDaemon 1 ORPort 9001 ORPort [2409:4070:219c:d7f8:94cf:ac05:ee3b:b21c]:9001 ContactInfo itstrulyjenni(at)gmail(dot)com ...
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1answer
68 views

Differences between Onion Routing (Public Key) and Tor-Circuit (Session Key)

I have a hard time understanding how a message is transmitted, when the Public Keys are used and when the Session Keys. Tor Client connects to a directory server to get a list of active relays & ...
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63 views

Cloudflare DNS & Tor

Been toying with Cloudflare DNS (IPv4 is 1.1.1.1:1.0.0.1 the IPv6 addresses are 2606:4700:4700::1111,2606:4700:4700::1001) set in my router and had a pretty good experience so far, just wondered ...
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0answers
23 views

Is Mix-Kaskading based on the Onion-Routing?

[Note: I'm no native english speaker] 1981 David Chaum first introduced Mix-Networks. 1995 Tor began its life as a research project in the Naval Research Laboratory (NRL), where 1996 three ...
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1answer
89 views

Can't change hostname and key for Tor hidden service

I've generated private key and hostname to my onion domain using scallion, and I have tried to copy and paste it into the hidden service directory, to the "hostname" and "privatekey" files, but wheb I ...
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1answer
350 views

Bitcoin wallet address on Dream Market

I cannot get my bitcoin wallet full on Dream Market because the Bitcoin address is only valid for 10 days but then they don't give you a new one or the tip to get a new BTC address.Can you help me ...
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1answer
66 views

TOR How does middle node know which chain a packet belongs to?

"Tor works like a chain of proxies, where each proxy only knows about the next hop and the previous hop." I presume that a TOR node may be part of more than one circuit though, how does it know which ...
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30 views

union domain can not resolve [duplicate]

I use gost for create ShadowSocks server and forward all traffic to tor m with this command: gost -L ss://aes-256-cfb:1234@:1212 -F=socks4://127.0.0.1:9050 I can see and open all domain, not problem,...
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1answer
93 views

how do i host .onion on my top level domain name

I understand how to start up a TLD and host the website. how do i host .onion on my top level domain name. Do we purchase the .onion? Any suggestions on this question.
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2answers
270 views

What is the purpose of the .onion domain?

I do understand the point of the TOR network in order to anonymize your connections, especially in states where you don't have much liberties. That's probably a good thing. However what is the point ...
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101 views

Tor Relay can not confirm ORPort or DirPort is reachable

I am attempting to run a simple tor relay node in my Fedora server (latest version). When I run systemctl status tor I receive the following. Your server (PUBLICIP:9030) has not managed to confirm ...
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1answer
198 views

How is connecting to clearnet sites diffrent than connecting to .onion sites?

So, I understand that for .onion sites it can help keep them anonymous but is there much of a difference for the user? Does have any added privacy/security?
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2answers
92 views

Does Tor use Garlic Routing?

I came across the garlic routing section (8.1.1) in Roger's Master's thesis: https://dspace.mit.edu/bitstream/handle/1721.1/86475/46861930-MIT.pdf?sequence=2. I am not sure whether current Tor version ...
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0answers
237 views

Unable to connect to localhost or 127.0.0.1

I am trying to setup onion hidden service and i am using xampp default apache web server. I setup everything correctly and got my hostname and private key but the main problem i am getting is that i ...
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1answer
133 views

How make Ruby on Rails app available in .onion?

I have dedicated web server working by Rybu on Rails. But I don't know how to make it work in .onion link.
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1answer
349 views

Generating .onion adresses out of public key

Suppose in my node.js app I have a 1024bit RSA key pair., I hashed the public key and derive .onion addres from the hash. Is it possible to register this exact keypair and the hostname as a hidden ...
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1answer
315 views

What happens when you add a .to or .direct or .city to an onion link? [closed]

So I thought that would happen if I type an .onion address into safari and add a .to to the address without deleting .onion while doing this I was using a VPN but the page did not open so I tried ....
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1answer
293 views

How does Tor browser find hidden websites [closed]

I was reading about search engines and i have seen that google for example is crawling and expending it's indexes by finding new links inside of the current websites he is scanning at the time. So my ...
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1answer
109 views

Non-tor service over tor

I'm struggling to find information on how to route non Tor services over Tor. Say i wanted to run a GPS tracking server as a hidden service, I could create a hidden service and point that to the ...
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1answer
199 views

Do Tor relays require knowledge of the real IP address of a hidden service, to enable routing to it?

From what I have read so far from the internet, in order to use the hidden service, the hidden service contacts random TOR relays and sends the public key to them. The hidden service also signs a ...
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2answers
1k views

Finding all onion addresses

Is there any direct way to ask all registered onion addresses from Tor directories? If it is not available, it should be bruteforced for specific ports? I mean all 16 chars onion addresses should be ...
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1answer
179 views

How do I tell TOR to not cache Onion descriptors?

When I run tor.exe and try to make a connection to a .onion domain via SOCKS and the hidden service is available at that moment, the connection opens quickly. Conversely, if the hidden service is not ...
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1answer
69 views

How does TOR route back to the originator while maintaining privacy? [duplicate]

Obviously, the original IP address of the TOR user isn't available to the website they are viewing, but when the website responds back to the exit node, what information is the exit node maintaining ...
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1answer
117 views

can I use hiddenservice address for irc and ssh or just one [closed]

I was wondering If i can use extra onion address I got from code as >showing: Step Three: More advanced tips If you plan to keep your service available for a long time, you >might want to ...
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1answer
150 views

Remove all .cab .rip .guide .to [closed]

I was wondering if anyone can explain to me on how to remove all of ?>the .to and .cab and .rip or .guide and so on and only keep .onion >only nothing else add to it. I look everywhere on this and I ...
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2answers
114 views

Using Ricochet concurrently?

Is it safe to run two ricochet instances on the same system; side-by-side? Is there anything that might conflict (listening ports, etc) that could cause issues? Would you recommend against it for any ...
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2answers
838 views

Why can't I connect to an .onion site on safari?

I have a question and I also have a doubt why I can't connect to deep web it loads then shows this: And should I worry about maybe some malware could have been injected to my computer or accessed my ...
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1answer
71 views

Tor onion routing process [duplicate]

I am trying to understand the Tor anonymity process. I figure out that Onion routing is the concept which makes it more impressive. So if I am correct list of Onion routers(OR's) are loaded on client ...
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1answer
49 views

What do ORs 'know'?

It is often said that each node 'knows' the preceding and proceding nodes. But what identification information does the node have exactly? Just the IP address? Also, as a result of what protocol does ...
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1answer
828 views

Looking to create a onion domain; need some help [closed]

Where can I find a place to register my own onion domain and is there any hosting sites that I could use for hosting for my hidden service?
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1answer
153 views

IP address and staying anonymous?

What identification information does Tor strip besides IP addresses? I realize that, by filtering through ORs, my IP address is no longer identifiable. But what other ID information, besides the data ...
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1answer
38 views

OR Forward and reverse keys

It's my understanding that between the user and an OR there are two symmetric keys, one for sending data forward and another for receiving data. These keys are forged according to either TAP, which ...
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1answer
1k views

Tor Won't Launch

Every time since last night when I try to launch TOR I get "Tor exited during startup. This might be due to an error in your torrc file, a bug in Tor or another program on your system, or faulty ...
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1answer
349 views

What is passed to the Onion Proxy in terms of the OSI model?

I'm trying to understand at what layer does the SOCKS proxy receive. For example, if I visit a website and make a HTTP get to the web server it is passed through via SOCKS to make the request. At ...
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1answer
603 views

Better understanding of the routing tables inside each TOR router [duplicate]

I've just learnt about the Onion routing protocol on Wikipedia, and the computerphile's video. And some of the concepts aren't very clear to me. Each nodes keep the information about the previous and ...
2
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1answer
390 views

Preview site content safely

Sometimes I come across .onion links. How can I know if the content inside is legal without actually going there first? Scenario Hey everyone! Go to https://3g2upl4pq6kufc4m.onion/ to learn how ...
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1answer
638 views

sending email through .onion

If an email provider uses an .onion address, does the email exit their servers into the internet through a tor exit node? Could a powerful adversary track it?
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0answers
38 views

Is there a way to download “hidden service descriptors” (from Windows)? [duplicate]

Before continuing, I have to say that I have read this thread ("Retrieving hidden service descriptors") and it has not solved the problem. I am doing extensive university work on Tor, and I would ...
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1answer
133 views

Can a HSDir see visited onion url's? [duplicate]

Is it possible that a HSDir can see visited onion urls? If I make a onion website and my friend visits it could there be a way that someone can capture the url he used? (the .onion url).
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0answers
580 views

*.onion don't work in Safari

I install Tor via Homebrew. Set SOCKS to localhost:9050 in System Preferences. Go to https://check.torproject.org in Safari and get "Congratulations. This browser is configured to use Tor." When I ...
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1answer
176 views

Why would an .onion have different URLs for different users?

I was recently invited to join a hidden bulletin board. In the note that was sent to me about it, the sender specified that the URL given to me was unique to me. A friend from Reddit was sent the same ...
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1answer
2k views

How does Tor use application proxy (SOCKS)?

I couldn't find the relevant documentation for this on the Tor and was hoping for some clarification here. I understand the process of how Tor works, but I'm looking for information on the client side....
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1answer
1k views

Can the Tor Browser itself hide your location?

I know this is about the simplest of questions, but I've yet to come across an answer that gives me a sold yes or no answer. Basically, what I'm dealing with are average internet users who claim to ...