Questions tagged [onion-routing]

Questions relating to onion routing, and onion routing protocols

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Does the Tor browser save cached versions of .onion sites to computer?

When browsing the web, cached versions of websites are downloaded and saved for indefinite periods automatically by internet browsers. Every image and .html file associated with the website are stored ...
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Month-long bitcoin subscription on .onion sites: How are returning subscribers identified each day?

If a month-long subscription is paid in Bitcoin to an .onion site using Tor browser, how does that site still recognize/identify the same anonymous user when the return in subsequent sessions, given ...
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Tor without Tails or VPN

How easy is it for the ISP or other party to see online movement of someone using the Tor browser without the Tails OS, as well as without a VPN? From what's written Tor doesn't automatically come ...
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TOR over VPN for home network

I would like to use a VPN service that does not support a build in Tor over VPN option. So would there be a way to make this at home for the whole network? Would something like this make sense? ...
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Tor Address Migrate/Copying

Hello, I want to move my v3 onion address to the new server. How can I do? Thanks
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What would be an example of a routing protocol that preserves anonymity even if the Guard Node and Exit Node are both compromised

I was reading a comment discussion on the answer to this question Where it's basically revealed that large numbers of middle nodes do not provide any additional security if the Guard Node and Exit ...
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Is the cell at the rendezvous encrypted with only the symmetric key exchanged with the HS?

My question pertains to the scenario after the client and the HS have exchanged a symmetric key. So, we have the following circuit: Client -- c_relay_1(guard) -- c_relay_2 -- RP -- s_relay_3 -- ...
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2answers
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How to get Onion v3 private key file from files generated by mkp224o?

I have genarated a castom onion v3 domain by using mkp224o i got 3 file hostname hs_ed25519_public_key hs_ed25519_secret_key now I need the private key file to upload it to the TOR host's server. I ...
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How to route all network traffic through tor

I'm trying to create a network that sends all traffic through tor. So far I've got a PFsense box acting as a router and a separate debian instance with tor installed and running. Is there a way to ...
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All onion channels show HungryTREX as first node

after upgrading to Tails 4.14, the first server in all onion channels is HungryTREX with an IP address from Toronto, Canada. This isn't looking sane, but what I do know... Many services are ...
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Will Tor route thru my internet connection (and back) when connecting to onion service on local network?

I want to run a Nextcloud server on my home network and I also want it to be accessible from the internet. Instead trying to tunnel the port to internet and messing with SSL certificates, running it ...
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If a client builds a full circuit to the rendezvous point, how can there be 6 hops between client and hidden service?

On https://2019.www.torproject.org/docs/onion-services it says that whenever the client or server contacts the rendezvous point or one introduction point, it always builds a full tor circuit. So, why ...
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Samsung Email Client

I have tor running through Termux on my phone and I was able to set up Firefox Android to use that tor connection without any problems. Now, I'd like to be able to use the stock Samsung Email Client ...
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Switching to v3 address

i've been running v2 onion address for my clearweb blog for some time.However i heard that from 2021 the v2 will be removed and only v3 addresses will be working.Since yesterday i have been trying to ...
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1answer
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Host a hidden service on a different port and access from clearnet

I have an hidden service hosted on port 8080 (cause port 80 is busy on another service) and I'd like to allow people visit it through web proxies like onion.sh. Unfortunately, I have no idea on how to ...
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What programming languages are used to build tor hidden webpages (dark web webpages)

**Which programming languages are used to write onion webpages . and is it possible to use tor browser on Linux distributions with obtaining full anonymity? , and finally where can I study the onion ...
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Safety of V2/V3 onions

I have 1 question, lets suppose the attacker got the 1 and the 3rd nodes of Tor circuit. Does using of V3 onion gives us some security benefits? Can attacker be able to disclose V2/V3 resource we are ...
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What is the key blinding function used in the hidden service protocol v3?

I've read the rend-spec-v3.txt document which is supposed to be the specification for the v3 hidden service protocol. The document makes several references to a key blinding function that takes in an ...
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Can opening new windows/tabs in Tor acidentally bypass onioun routing and leak ip?

I was surfing in www via Tor browser bundle on Windows (Im novice in it) and I just`ve noticed that sometimes (but not every time) when I click on random link and choose "Open in new window" ...
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How does a Tor client find the correct HSDir to connect to when fetching a “descriptor” of a hidden service?

It seems that a Tor client connects to a HSDir through a circuit of 3 Tor nodes when retrieving a hidden service descriptor. But to access a hidden service, a user only needs to know the .onion ...
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Difference between regular httpS and onion http & attacking opportunities for deanon. .onion users

Im kinda new in Tor, but I need 2 maybe not very simple answers from experts of this site. Lets start. Firstly, I have read technical documents and its reported that "http versions of .onion ...
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How Tor is build and how can someone build something Tor/overlay network or routers?

Things I know: I have been using Tor for like a few years now, and I have a good idea of how "Tor/Onion routing" works. I have gone through the Tor's original paper (by Nick and Roger) and ...
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Data sources containing onion URL sites

Aside from hidden wiki's, what other data sources can .onion URLs be found in? I'm looking for a list of potential types of places that contain .onion URLs, and the relative likelihood in finding them ...
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Onion circuits on tails

When I open onion circuits on tails the first column all have the same name, fingerprint, ip, is that normal?
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obfs4 bridge every 10-20 seconds send and receive some data on static or default browser pages

Is it kind of normal experience? When I'm just on static, already downloaded page or default Tor browser page, in network statistics on PC every ~5-10-20 sec small unidentified packets send or receive ...
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103 views

Does ISP know I have an onion server if I set up a onion website at home?

I wanna set up a onion server at home . But does my ISP know that ??
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1. Does the exit node able to know which onion sites are used? & 2. some obfs issue

My 1. first question in the tittle. Everybody knows that exit nodes able to know which clearnet sites and pages are used. But what about onion sites? And 2. the second question. Tor is blocked in my ...
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two or more onion domains on the same vps

I installed a few onion domains: in /etc/torrc and /var/lib/tor/hidden_services.... on the same port and configured one virtual host on nginx for these domains (same document root). Usually all the ...
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1answer
150 views

Configuring Tor to Work in Other Web Browsers

I am trying to configure my internet options so I can use the Tor servers in another browser, specifically Internet Explorer. Yes, I know this is not recommended and it's an old browser, but I need to ...
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TOR will only open SOME onlion links

I just installed linux on my laptop (parrot). I can access a lot of onion links via Tor, but for some reason places like Empire and Dread are just not loading. I tried the exact same links on my ...
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C++ socket.io client over tor service

I am trying to send socket requests in C++ to an onion link I am hosting with tor services and node.js. My node.js server is being hosted on port 8080. When I try to send socket requests to localhost:...
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Can legit antivirus spying on user when ''accessibility-services'' in Tor are turned off and onion routing using?

I use one of the most popular antivirus program for Windows for months and some days ago I just noticed that it at least uses firewall and ''internet security and protection'' settings turned on and ...
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Is HSDir based attack is still possible nowadays? +Need some info

I've read some information from 2014-17 about attacking possibilities which have or had nodes are called ''HSDirs'' At first what i need to know, HSDir node it is also ''exit'' or third node from ...
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Can the attacker`s “malware” node see the full link of .onion sites users have access to?

If we talk about .onion sites only, can the bad nodes see the part of site's link? Like "example.onion/" or full link like "example.onion/user404/data/page/example123.txt"? I don't talk about IP of ...
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Need some details about relays between user and onion sites

Can someone explain some things: Is all trafic between client and .onion server encrypted 6 times in either direction because of chain: Client -- [1 node ip -- 2 node ip -- 3 node ip] -- [3 node ...
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how to use a previously generated onion domain?

this is probably a really dumb question but, I can't find any info about it. For what I see this exact topic has not been addressed before. I am running a onion service with a hostname generated by ...
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205 views

Tor Search Engine? is there any Tor2web search engines in clearnet?

I'm looking to a best tor search engine for search tor hidden services at without the need of tor browser. Also, I like a simple user interface and fast. Please suggest some tor2web proxy search ...
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Can no longer access .onion sites over Tor

I’ve been able to access .onion sites over Tor + VPN without any problems up until this week. I’m getting an error message saying Firefox wasn’t able to properly redirect. I tried turning the VPN off ...
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Why are entry nodes allowed to know that they are entry nodes?

Right now, a user can be deanonymized if an attacker controls the entry node and the exit node in a Tor circuit. The attacker can discover the IP of the originator, and the site they are accessing. It ...
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203 views

mkp224o vanity address

I used mkp224o to generate a v3 address in .onion, but I was wondering how do I add it? I have a server already with the tor installed mkp224o generates these 3 files "hostname", "...
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Has Tor Browser stopped displaying circuits?

I started using Tor v4 most intrigued by the display of the circuit path it followed, 4 nodes from at least 2 countries and usually 3 or 4. Now at v9 I don't see it anymore. Has display of the ...
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1answer
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Details about Tor's Packaging Window and Delivery Window

I have learned Tor's congestion control policy from the paper: Tor:The Second-Generation Onion Router. But I don't understand Tor's Packaging Window and Delivery Window. The paper said: "The ...
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1answer
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Tor Hidden Service Suddenly Stopped Working

I setup my hidden service a in February and has been working completely fine. After 9 days of not having my service running 20th-29th March, Tor keeps on giving me the error "We can’t connect to ...
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How do I prevent tor from overwriting my hostname file?

I am trying to use my own custom .onion address using eschalot and after I add my info to hostname and key info into the private key file, upon starting tor, it overwrites my custom address and adds a ...
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Hidden Services can intros correlate IP with .onion?

I was looking through allot of the details with the hidden services. One answer was done very well and explained allot, which I have linked below. I wasn't sure on exactly how the intro can correlate ...
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Are relays chosen by location proximity, e.g. county, for circuit building?

Are relays chosen by location proximity, e.g. county, for circuit building? I know that there exists some rules but I didn't read anything about location. If the location of a client is not ...
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tor Onion Circuits

I'm a neub learning Tor relaying and bridges. I am currently operating a relay on a droplet. It has been up for 14 days and has all of the flags assigned to it. I use a Pi 3 with Raspbian and run NYX ...
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Every onion link I try will not work

I am running for 9.0.4 downloaded from Google play on a android phone. Every time I try to access any .onion link it will not work. I have tried using .dog and .ws they won't work. I am new to tor so ...
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1k views

What's an “onion circuit”?

Being new to tor, I had opened a "onion circuits" window just to see some of it's magic without fully understanding what it means. I noticed that in the "normal case" I see a variety of hosts from ...
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DDoS and censorship-resistant onion services

When thinking about building a secure, DDoS and censorship-resistant onion service, I've seen many implementations using compartmentalization (like Qubes AppVMs) of services and OnionBalance. Such ...

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