How to make tor browser work with the system tor service rather than the tor service provided with the browser.
Certain files in the
Browser folder must be changed.
PS: I start the tor service on Linux with
# service tor start
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From the guide I wrote, available on the Tor Project wiki here:
Add or edit the following lines in your torrc:
# add these flags to SocksPort to act like Tor Browser SocksPort 9050 IPv6Traffic PreferIPv6 KeepAliveIsolateSOCKSAuth ControlPort 9051 # only add these if they're *not* already defined in /usr/share/tor/tor-service-defaults-torrc # i.e. if you're not using debian, ubuntu or one of their derivatives #CookieAuthentication 1 #CookieAuthFile /var/run/tor/control.authcookie #CookieAuthFileGroupReadable 1
Now reload Tor
sudo service tor reload
Then add your user to the group that the tor daemon runs as, on debian, ubuntu and similar this is
sudo usermod -a -G debian-tor $USER
This will require a full log out and back in to take effect.
Now we need to add some environment variables that Tor Button and Tor Launcher will respect. Create a file called somthing like
/etc/profile.d/99_tb.sh and add the following to it:
# Use system daemon socks port export TOR_SOCKS_PORT=9050 # Use system daemon control port export TOR_CONTROL_PORT=9051 # Don't launch a second tor instance, and don't take ownership of it. export TOR_SKIP_LAUNCH=1 # Tell it where to find the control auth cookie export TOR_CONTROL_COOKIE_AUTH_FILE=/var/run/tor/control.authcookie
This will also require a full log out and back in to take effect.
Now when you launch Tor Browser, it should use the local tor daemon instance instead of starting it's own.
I realize the more recent versions of tor browser already contain the instructions (edit: they are different from the ones given in the tor wiki, which works for tor browser 5.x). For the benefit of other users, I have edited the tor wiki (onion) to include it. To quote it verbatim:
How do I make Tor Browser 7.x (may work for later versions) use the tor that is already running on the system?
See the section Using a system-installed Tor process with Tor Browser in the file
$TB_INST_DIRis your tor browser installation directory (e.g.
tor-browser_en-US) for instructions. Alternatively, you can view them online (onion). Be careful, the online version is on the master branch, which may be too new for your tor browser. When in doubt, follow the one coming with your tor browser.