5 votes

Tor expert bundle on Windows - no installation instructions

It's running in the background. For console output, add | more to the end. Like this: tor --hash-password "Password" | more I recommend new users to go with Vidalia from here
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5 votes
Accepted

Why does directory mirroring get disabled when AccountingMax is on?

A directory mirror that has an max accounting set is simply not best practice. So a directory mirror has to be reliable and always on to be useful. Another reason is that if you set an AccountingMax ...
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5 votes

Searching for Tor hidden servicces

These are search engines that index .onion sites: Torch not Evil Candle ahmia.fi
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  • 3,745
4 votes
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How can I get consensus data from Directory authority servers for research purpose?

Near the top of this page: Consensus Health, in the Signatures section, you will find a 'consensus' (and 'vote') link for each Directory Authority. These link directly to http://ip.of.the.relay:...
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  • 3,745
4 votes
Accepted

Where do I find previous Tor consensuses, and other metrics data?

Check out: https://collector.torproject.org/archive/relay-descriptors/consensuses/ and the main page (https://collector.torproject.org/) for more info.
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4 votes

Can anybody explain the Advertised bandwidth, MaxAdvertisedBandwidth, Measured bandwidth, Bandwidth burst, RelayBandwidth rate?

I'll give it a try: BandwidthBurst: The maximum bandwidth of short spikes in network traffic. While Tor tries to use BandwidthRate on average, it may use this value for short bursts. It was advised ...
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  • 8,663
3 votes

How is hidden service directory protected from DOS?

What is the maximum number of hidden services DHT (Distributed Hash Table) can hold? Theoretically, the whole hash space. Who maintains the directory? All HSDir relays. What stops anyone from ...
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  • 725
3 votes

Tor expert bundle on Windows - no installation instructions

There is a tor.exe file in your zip file. Clicking on it may seem to do nothing, but actually it will run under a hidden window. This is a known bug. See this answer for a workaround.
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  • 211
3 votes

How can I get consensus data from Directory authority servers for research purpose?

You can easily fetch the consensus with... https://stem.torproject.org/api/descriptor/remote.html https://stem.torproject.org/tutorials/mirror_mirror_on_the_wall.html For an example of a script that ...
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  • 691
3 votes

How is data encrypted and decrypted in onion routing?

directory server periodically uploads the list of nodes that are available for relaying data. client selects three nodes from this list and gets their public key using which it encrypt data multiple ...
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3 votes
Accepted

How many times does client fetch the consensus file from directory authorities?

As far as I see it the answer is in the source code. ;-) The file main.c has a function run_scheduled_events. The comment to this function says: Perform regular maintenance tasks. This function ...
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  • 8,663
3 votes
Accepted

How many directory servers are there in the Tor networks?

There are 9 directory authorities which are hard-coded into the Tor software. Following please find addresses and some additional information about these directory authorites: https://atlas.torproject....
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  • 3,236
3 votes

In what ways can private relays be used?

By definition bridge relays are Tor relays that aren't listed in the main Tor directory. So if you set: BridgeRelay 1 PublishServerDescriptor 0 this will cause your relay to not publish anywhere. ...
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  • 708
3 votes

How can I sync computer's time with Tor?

Have a look at how Tails does time syncing via the Tor consensus file. You can also use Jacob Applebaum's tlsdate over Tor.
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  • 131
3 votes

How does Tor guarantee server integrity?

This is not what is actually happening. When a Tor client first starts, it does connect to the central Tor servers (Directory Authorities, they're called), but it gets the list of all Tor relays ...
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  • 2,209
3 votes
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implementation for Tor directory server?

To be a directory server, it is merely a configuration change in your TORRC. Anyone can be or advertise that you are a directory server but none of the clients would trust it. The source code for Tor ...
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  • 1,274
3 votes

Where does tor look for directory servers?

Found it.tor creates a directory .tor in the home directory (on Linux). $ ls ~/.tor cached-certs cached-microdesc-consensus cached-microdescs cached-microdescs.new lock state $ grep -Rn 193.11....
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  • 345
3 votes

Cannot open Tor Browser using Terminal

The desktop file doesn't work in any case. However Tor comes with a shell script. You can execute it and Tor Browser will start. It is located in the Browser/ subdirectory: tor-browser_en-US/Browser/...
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  • 8,663
3 votes
Accepted

What prevents directory server from being attacked?

What prevents a directory server from being dishonest and give malicious data to the user? The information served by the directories is generated by reaching a consensus between the authorities. You ...
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  • 1,342
2 votes
Accepted

Does Directory Traffic count towards Consensus Weight?

No it does not. (..and neither does the OR traffic.) The idea that 'traffic counts towards consensus weight' is not how it works. As I understand (from the linked document), the bandwidth is measured ...
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  • 3,745
2 votes

How many times does client fetch the consensus file from directory authorities?

From what I gathered, I have not found anything that point that a client periodically fetch the consensus file. On the other hand, consensus files do expire, and when that happens the client will ...
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  • 1,195
2 votes
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What is the difference between Atlas and Consensus health?

The difference is because Tonga is a little special. Unlike the other directory authorities Tonga doesn't vote in the consensus (iirc it's the bridge authority). Take a peek at the following list... ...
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  • 691
2 votes

What does tor proxy and tor directory stores?

No One stores the keys of the Onion Routers making the Virtual Circuit except the Tor Client. The Tor Client download the list of Onion Routers online. It creates the virtual circuit incrementally by ...
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  • 141
2 votes
Accepted

Why does a restart cause a relay to lose the Guard and HSDir flag?

A restart does not cause a relay to lose its Guard and HSDir flags. However, a restart that takes way too long, or frequent restarts (more than one per week, say) can cause a relay to lose its stable ...
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  • 510
2 votes

How Tor Browser knows that a directory server is legit?

I assume that you downloaded a valid copy of Tor or Tor Browser. The source code contains information about all current directory authorities. (config.c). Currently there are nine authorities which ...
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  • 8,663
2 votes

Can't governments who want to censor Tor just block the directory authorities?

When a normal client first starts it fetches the directory information from a directory authority (or a fall-back). Since it does not know any relays it has no choice but to fetch them directly. At ...
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  • 10.8k
2 votes
Accepted

Set up Tor as internal Network

My company is looking to use Tor internally for our network, using our own directory authority server, and would like to know if it's possible and how to do it First of all, if your company have the ...
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2 votes

Does the Tor browser save cached versions of .onion sites to computer?

The Tor Browser is designed to avoid writing any sensitive data to disk unless the user changes the default settings to enable a feature that does record sensitive data. So with the default settings, ...
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  • 2,648

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