Questions tagged [relays]

Questions relating to relays, their maintenance, and operation.

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understanding tor cell structure

I am looking to create my own version of TOR, and to do that I need to understand the way that relay, directory servers and clients communicate. but after reading Tor: The Second-Generation Onion ...
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Relay on public and private network; recommendations

I have set up a relay with its own dynamic public IP directly on the Internet. The only port allowed on the public interface is the ORPort, and this is the way I want to keep it. However, it would be ...
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108 views

how tor establishes connection on first run?

As far as I know, there are nine hardcoded directory servers in the tor program. So, is it's starting by making one of them as it's guard node and then on step two, obtain data about all other relays ...
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35 views

How do clients find what nodes to connect when connecting to a .onion link

I never seen a full explanation of how the server connects to these "introduction" nodes to the client, I understand the idea of the tor path ending with the exit node that's then resent ...
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2answers
26 views

Will Tor automatically detect when my IP address changes when running a relay?

I have an IP address that changes roughly every 24 hours. About two out of three times, I’ve seen Tor detect that my IP address changed; but the last time it didn’t work and I had to restart the relay ...
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25 views

Where in the codebase does Tor detect outages?

It seems clear to me that Tor has some facility for discovering when connectivity within a circuit is lost. I'd like to find that point and add a log_debug into it, as the current Tor logging does ...
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2answers
112 views

What hidden services does my relay node know about?

I built tor from source and am running it as a relay (not exit node) and also as a directory server. It is my understanding that after a while I should experience V2 hidden services publishing their ...
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144 views

Tor relay giving false HSDir flag

Today my tor relay started reporting the HSDir flag out of nowhere. I do not have a hidden service configured. Is this something i should worry about? Everything looks fine, and i see no services ...
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587 views

Tor Onions active on Tail , does Electrum use that proxy?

When I open onion relay on Tails , and then open Electrum Wallet on LiveCD Tails Does that Electrum connected with Tor proxy/network? Hope some users would help me to explain this things
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42 views

Tor comunicating to other IPs beside my guard node, should it happen?

Running netstat and analyzing my established connections I noticed sometimes tor talks to other IPs that aren't my guard node. I'm not sure if this is supposed to happen because I very very new to ...
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97 views

Hidden Service Behind a Bridge

Without a bridge, my hidden service is accessible for others. But when I use a tor bridge, this hidden service is not accessible. My torrc is: UseBridges 1 Bridge obfs4 my_bridge_ip:my_bridge_port ...
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1answer
113 views

Are Tor network nodes/relays proxies? If not, what is the difference?

I would like to know if there is any difference between the concept of "proxy" and the nodes (also known as relays) that make up the Tor network. I mean: Are the nodes proxies themselves? If not, what'...
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Why not to add tor2web-like gateways to relays by default?

as it is said in this article https://blog.torproject.org/facebook-hidden-services-and-https-certs whatever it is you think Tor is for, I guarantee there's a person out there who uses it for ...
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186 views

Not Recommended relay

I looked up my entry-node in Relay Search(Tor Metrics) and I found additional flags was "Not Recommended". Should I change my entry-node manually?
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229 views

In onion v3 services, how does the client know the "HSDir" that have the necessary descriptor to connect to the onion service?

I've read the "Tor Rendezvous Specification - Version 3" and I can't find out how the client knows the "HSDir" nodes that store the onion service descriptor that indicates the introduction points ...
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119 views

500 new relays at the beginning of each month?

.. and then they gradually vanish over the next 4 weeks! Can anyone tell me why this sawtooth pattern has appeared in the Tor relay metrics since August? On the 2nd August, 2nd Sep and 2nd Oct, about ...
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162 views

Why is my tor relay taking so much CPU power?

My tor relay uses ~50 Mbytes/s (25 MBytes/s read and 25 MBytes/s write). I would expect that each byte has to be decrypted and encrypted once. So I would expect my tor relay decrypts ~25 MBytes/s and ...
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606 views

How to get traffic log history from a relay?

I'm currently running a TOR Relay. I'm monitoring it with nyx and is pretty good because I can see every connection coming in and out from my relay. But what I'm asking is how can I find a full list ...
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156 views

Prevent Tor Browser from connecting to a node in a certain country?

I want to prevent Tor Browser from connecting to any nodes in a certain country. How do I do so?
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575 views

Choosing computer hardware to run Tor relays - (CPU RAM cable HDD SSD etc)

I am thinking of buying a computer to use only for running Tor relays from England in the United Kingdom. I am writing to ask for advice on which details of the machine make a difference to the ...
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214 views

How to secure my torrelays against hijacking (debian), bounty $50

I'm running some tor exitrelays with rsyslog off. Does this disable ALL loggin? If no how I disable ALL loggin? Next to that I want to secure those against hijacking as good as possible. So I was ...
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1answer
297 views

Tor Relay questions (equipment, router hardware, DSL)

I would like to contribute to the cause by running a Tor Relay. After spending the last week researching, I am still unable to answer the following questions: What are the MINIMUM COMPUTER ...
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44 views

Does an exit relay also relays non-exit traffic?

I would like to run an exit relay, but I don't want to deal with almost any abuse issues. So I figured to only exit to hidden services. If my understandings are right, the exit policy and the relay ...
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1answer
137 views

Our relay had some downtime due to some network repairs and changes (including an IP change)

Lightning. I've used this opportunity to upgrade our installation to 0.3.0.8, and I've increased our provided burst rate to 4Mb/sec. Accordingly, how long will it be before Tor settles down to this ...
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1answer
978 views

Reloading torrc without loosing flags

Everytime I edit some parameters in my torrc file and then send a "pkill -sighup tor" to reload the configuration, I loose my HSDir-Flag and my uptime. Is it possible to reload the torrc without the ...
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452 views

Disproportionate CPU usage

My new Raspberry Pi 3 relay was relaying 2 MBps using maybe 80% CPU for a few days. But suddenly, just today, it jumped to using 380% CPU, using almost all of each of the 4 cores to serve the same ...
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225 views

Dirport / Orport stop being unreachable after some time

Just set up a Tor relay on Digital Ocean running Ubuntu 16.04 using tor-relay.co and everything is seemingly going well. However, every so often the relay will cease to work and I'll get the following ...
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2answers
4k views

Failed to bind listening port

I'm having issues with set up of my relay, this is what I got yesterday.....I don't understand how to correct this... Oct 31 08:00:09.000 [notice] Opening OR listener on 0.0.0.0:443 Oct 31 08:00:09....
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What's the difference between 'secret_id_key' and 'ed25519_master_id_key'?

I'm running a TOR relay and I'm confused with the node identity keys. The secret_id_key is the identity key that was used in version 2, but now the ed25519_master_id_key is used for version 3? Thanks.
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2answers
280 views

I have specified a DirPort (80) in my torrc, and it is allowed in UFW but metrics.torproject.org/rs.html does not list it

This seems to started after I specified an IPv6 address for my ORPort. Everything server side indicates my DirPort is reachable, but Tor Metrics (not tor on my server) says it is unreachable (...
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5answers
14k views

How may I run multiple Tor relay instances in a single Linux machine?

Suppose I have a Linux machine (for example Debian) with more than one public IPs, sufficient bandwidth, memory and CPU resources. How may I run more than one Tor relay instance in that single ...
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2answers
3k views

How to make a Tor relays ORPort and DirPort reachable?

I've been trying to set up a tor relay with a Raspberry Pi. It runs Raspbian GNU/Linux 9 and Tor 0.2.9.16. Since I only want to use the Raspberry for the tor relay I didn't do much. After installing ...
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3k views

Problem bootstrapping. Stuck at 10% (conn_done): Connected to a relay

While settting up my relay, I met this question: Jan 19 10:02:22.000 [warn] Problem bootstrapping. Stuck at 10% (conn_done): Connected to a relay. (DONE; DONE; count 51; recommendation warn; host ...
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147 views

is this a threat to tor?

an adversary controls some middle nodes and they log ip adresses of users and times they connect. if an adversary controlled middle node receives traffic from one of their own controlled middle nodes ...
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80 views

Are relays chosen by location proximity, e.g. county, for circuit building?

Are relays chosen by location proximity, e.g. county, for circuit building? I know that there exists some rules but I didn't read anything about location. If the location of a client is not ...
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117 views

How can I analyze Tor traffic on my relay?

I'm doing a research on Onion routing (Tor). I've successfully set up a middle relay for the purpose of analyzing Tor traffic. I'd like to: See all circuits that my relay is currently part of See &...
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1answer
46 views

connect two server via tor

if we have two server let's say server1(92.92.92.92) server2(76.76.76.76). I'm working on redirect incoming traffic on server1 port 4444 to server2 port 12345,this is easy with iptables rule on ...
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158 views

Brige Relays - help

This is impartant. Do I need to configure Bridge relays to hide fact that surfing on deep web .onion sites using USB Tails and Tor Browser? Reading this (https://www.torproject.org/docs/bridges.html....
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71 views

Running a Tor Bridge Relay on Ubuntu

I am trying to set up a bridge relay on my ubuntu 20.04 system but getting stuck at step 3. Edit your Tor config file, usually located at /etc/tor/torrc and replace its content with: When I open the ...
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1answer
68 views

How can an external observer detect if a malicious relay does excessive logging?

In the entry "Criteria for rejecting bad relays" on the Network Health Team's wiki I found an interesting bullet point: Malicious relays … Excessive logging (over notice) during normal ...
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76 views

Running a Tor-Relay on a private network restricts other services (eg netflix)

This is not so much a question but a post for completion. I hope this meets the community standards. I am running a tor-relay in my home network. Naturally, it is reachable on my public IP that is ...
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1answer
53 views

How can I find the IPs of introduction points for a hidden service?

I was wondering if it is possible to find the IPs of introduction points used by a hidden service. Specifically I was looking at facebook's hidden service.
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2k views

First node always the same! Is that how it's supposed to work?

I'm using Tor-browser-bundle with Vidalia. Yesterday, just out of curiosity, I clicked on "view the network." In the "connection" box, I see my circuits. About 5, 6 circuits each with 3 different ...
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1answer
410 views

TOR Hidden Service: IP anonymity

Suppose that a Tor client wants to access a certain hidden service. According to the protocol, instead of submitting a request directly to the server IP (which is hidden[1][2]), this client submit a ...
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2answers
86 views

My new relay is recorded in the wrong country

On relay search my new Tor relay's country is given as Ukraine. In fact it's in Germany. Also the AS given on relay search is wrong. Have I configured the relay wrongly? Can I change this so its ...
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0answers
285 views

Cannot connect tor, Identity key mismatch

I tried connecting to tor, but I'm getting a identity key mismatch and I have no idea how to fix it. Jun 21 19:43:06.202 [notice] Tor v0.2.4.27 (git-412e3f7dc9c6c01a) running on Linux with Libevent ...
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1answer
529 views

How to shut down a Tor relay

The question may seem stupid, but can I just shut down my Pc running Ubuntu with a Tor relay or is there as set procedure? Thank you
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40 views

Can a Tor relay run on MacOS?

I have a powerful computer and a fast internet connection. I'd like to support the Tor network by operating a relay. I've seen that there are relay packages and instructions for various versions of ...
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28 views

Any tor users who are looking to run relays on Windows?

So this is a tool I made which allows easy operation of tor relays on Windows. Made for people who have Windows but want to run relay without pain of Linux VM. Features: Auto installs tor and keeps up ...
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Server is unreachable

I've set up a computer in my home just to run a relay. I have a fiber connection to my house and want to put it to good use so im trying to run tor. My server is currently running debian,(Ubuntu) as ...

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