Questions tagged [onion-routing]

Questions relating to onion routing, and onion routing protocols

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2answers
591 views

What is the purpose of the .onion domain?

I do understand the point of the TOR network in order to anonymize your connections, especially in states where you don't have much liberties. That's probably a good thing. However what is the point ...
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1answer
431 views

How is connecting to clearnet sites diffrent than connecting to .onion sites?

So, I understand that for .onion sites it can help keep them anonymous but is there much of a difference for the user? Does have any added privacy/security?
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183 views

Does Tor use Garlic Routing?

I came across the garlic routing section (8.1.1) in Roger's Master's thesis: https://dspace.mit.edu/bitstream/handle/1721.1/86475/46861930-MIT.pdf?sequence=2. I am not sure whether current Tor version ...
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547 views

Unable to connect to localhost or 127.0.0.1

I am trying to setup onion hidden service and i am using xampp default apache web server. I setup everything correctly and got my hostname and private key but the main problem i am getting is that i ...
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1answer
311 views

How make Ruby on Rails app available in .onion?

I have dedicated web server working by Rybu on Rails. But I don't know how to make it work in .onion link.
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1answer
1k views

Generating .onion adresses out of public key

Suppose in my node.js app I have a 1024bit RSA key pair., I hashed the public key and derive .onion addres from the hash. Is it possible to register this exact keypair and the hostname as a hidden ...
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1answer
1k views

What happens when you add a .to or .direct or .city to an onion link? [closed]

So I thought that would happen if I type an .onion address into safari and add a .to to the address without deleting .onion while doing this I was using a VPN but the page did not open so I tried ....
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1answer
405 views

How does Tor browser find hidden websites [closed]

I was reading about search engines and i have seen that google for example is crawling and expending it's indexes by finding new links inside of the current websites he is scanning at the time. So my ...
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1answer
132 views

Non-tor service over tor

I'm struggling to find information on how to route non Tor services over Tor. Say i wanted to run a GPS tracking server as a hidden service, I could create a hidden service and point that to the ...
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1answer
737 views

Do Tor relays require knowledge of the real IP address of a hidden service, to enable routing to it?

From what I have read so far from the internet, in order to use the hidden service, the hidden service contacts random TOR relays and sends the public key to them. The hidden service also signs a ...
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2answers
4k views

Finding all onion addresses

Is there any direct way to ask all registered onion addresses from Tor directories? If it is not available, it should be bruteforced for specific ports? I mean all 16 chars onion addresses should be ...
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1answer
296 views

How do I tell TOR to not cache Onion descriptors?

When I run tor.exe and try to make a connection to a .onion domain via SOCKS and the hidden service is available at that moment, the connection opens quickly. Conversely, if the hidden service is not ...
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1answer
110 views

How does TOR route back to the originator while maintaining privacy? [duplicate]

Obviously, the original IP address of the TOR user isn't available to the website they are viewing, but when the website responds back to the exit node, what information is the exit node maintaining ...
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1answer
314 views

can I use hiddenservice address for irc and ssh or just one [closed]

I was wondering If i can use extra onion address I got from code as >showing: Step Three: More advanced tips If you plan to keep your service available for a long time, you >might want to ...
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1answer
205 views

Remove all .cab .rip .guide .to [closed]

I was wondering if anyone can explain to me on how to remove all of ?>the .to and .cab and .rip or .guide and so on and only keep .onion >only nothing else add to it. I look everywhere on this and I ...
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2answers
156 views

Using Ricochet concurrently?

Is it safe to run two ricochet instances on the same system; side-by-side? Is there anything that might conflict (listening ports, etc) that could cause issues? Would you recommend against it for any ...
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2answers
2k views

Why can't I connect to an .onion site on safari?

I have a question and I also have a doubt why I can't connect to deep web it loads then shows this: And should I worry about maybe some malware could have been injected to my computer or accessed my ...
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1answer
84 views

Tor onion routing process [duplicate]

I am trying to understand the Tor anonymity process. I figure out that Onion routing is the concept which makes it more impressive. So if I am correct list of Onion routers(OR's) are loaded on client ...
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1answer
57 views

What do ORs 'know'?

It is often said that each node 'knows' the preceding and proceding nodes. But what identification information does the node have exactly? Just the IP address? Also, as a result of what protocol does ...
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1answer
5k views

Looking to create a onion domain; need some help [closed]

Where can I find a place to register my own onion domain and is there any hosting sites that I could use for hosting for my hidden service?
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1answer
170 views

IP address and staying anonymous?

What identification information does Tor strip besides IP addresses? I realize that, by filtering through ORs, my IP address is no longer identifiable. But what other ID information, besides the data ...
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1answer
63 views

OR Forward and reverse keys

It's my understanding that between the user and an OR there are two symmetric keys, one for sending data forward and another for receiving data. These keys are forged according to either TAP, which ...
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1answer
3k views

Tor Won't Launch

Every time since last night when I try to launch TOR I get "Tor exited during startup. This might be due to an error in your torrc file, a bug in Tor or another program on your system, or faulty ...
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1answer
679 views

What is passed to the Onion Proxy in terms of the OSI model?

I'm trying to understand at what layer does the SOCKS proxy receive. For example, if I visit a website and make a HTTP get to the web server it is passed through via SOCKS to make the request. At ...
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1answer
995 views

Better understanding of the routing tables inside each TOR router [duplicate]

I've just learnt about the Onion routing protocol on Wikipedia, and the computerphile's video. And some of the concepts aren't very clear to me. Each nodes keep the information about the previous and ...
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1answer
528 views

Preview site content safely

Sometimes I come across .onion links. How can I know if the content inside is legal without actually going there first? Scenario Hey everyone! Go to https://3g2upl4pq6kufc4m.onion/ to learn how ...
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2answers
1k views

sending email through .onion

If an email provider uses an .onion address, does the email exit their servers into the internet through a tor exit node? Could a powerful adversary track it?
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0answers
75 views

Is there a way to download "hidden service descriptors" (from Windows)? [duplicate]

Before continuing, I have to say that I have read this thread ("Retrieving hidden service descriptors") and it has not solved the problem. I am doing extensive university work on Tor, and I would ...
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1answer
173 views

Can a HSDir see visited onion url's? [duplicate]

Is it possible that a HSDir can see visited onion urls? If I make a onion website and my friend visits it could there be a way that someone can capture the url he used? (the .onion url).
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0answers
849 views

*.onion don't work in Safari

I install Tor via Homebrew. Set SOCKS to localhost:9050 in System Preferences. Go to https://check.torproject.org in Safari and get "Congratulations. This browser is configured to use Tor." When I ...
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1answer
254 views

Why would an .onion have different URLs for different users?

I was recently invited to join a hidden bulletin board. In the note that was sent to me about it, the sender specified that the URL given to me was unique to me. A friend from Reddit was sent the same ...
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1answer
4k views

How does Tor use application proxy (SOCKS)?

I couldn't find the relevant documentation for this on the Tor and was hoping for some clarification here. I understand the process of how Tor works, but I'm looking for information on the client side....
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1answer
3k views

Can the Tor Browser itself hide your location?

I know this is about the simplest of questions, but I've yet to come across an answer that gives me a sold yes or no answer. Basically, what I'm dealing with are average internet users who claim to ...
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1answer
1k views

How can Facebook's Tor Onion be constantly accessible with the massive bandwidth demand?

Background: (you can skip if you already know the details of Facebook's Hidden Service) In 2014, Facebook unveiled their Tor Hidden Service that let people from restricting governments access Facebook ...
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1answer
64 views

Pre Tor software for MacOS (not OSX)

I am looking for information regarding (discontinued) software for MacOS which I believe worked in a very similar way Tor does. I remember using it in late 1990s/early 2000s, but I can't recall its ...
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1answer
260 views

Tor and Submarine communications cables

According to the papers leaked by Snowden, the NSA has the ability to intercept communications carried by submarine cables. My question is: does Tor also use these submarine cables? So, can Tor be ...
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3answers
9k views

How can i nginx reverse proxy to .onion site ? which is on TOR network?

i have installed TOR and nginx on my cent os server. when i proxy_pass requests to the TOR running on my localhost and supply host headers of .onion website. i am getting tor is not an http proxy ...
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1answer
2k views

How to deal with DDOS attacks?

This post was not helpful: How to protect a hidden service against DDOS attack? My onion keeps getting hit with denial of service attacks. Is there anything I can do to minimize the effects? POST ...
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1answer
844 views

How often does a Tor change rendezvous point with hidden service?

I understand how a Tor client connects to a hidden service, but can anyone explain to me how long a rendezvous point is used? According to numbers 10-16 on this post on Tor stack exchange, the ...
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1answer
79 views

What's new in Tor 0.2.9.8?

This is a really exciting update. https://blog.torproject.org/blog/whats-new-tor-0298 According to the tor devs and the image in the article "Service side loses anonymity". But is this entirely ...
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0answers
65 views

How can i gain whole set of onion address as much as possible? [duplicate]

I believe we can get some onion address from hidden wiki or other search engine,but in my mind,i want to gain whole set of onion address,for that i can learn more about how many onion address ...
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2answers
578 views

How does Onionshare work?

How exactly does OnionShare work to allow one to send files using onion domains?
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2answers
197 views

When using Tor, will different tabs follow different pathways?

If I have two tabs open, will tab one route through Alice to get to Bob and will tab two also route through Alice to get to Dave?
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1answer
2k views

Where can I find a list of TOR sites to visit? [duplicate]

How can I find a list of all the different TOR sites?
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2answers
924 views

onionmail : its anonymity privacy and security

Onionmail as introduced there: http://onionmail.info/rulez.html (English language home page http://en.onionmail.info/ ) is a system that aims at providing highly secure private and anonymous email, ...
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3answers
1k views

Using .onions to forward to public .com

HiddenServiceDir /var/lib/tor/hidden_service/site HiddenServicePort 80 tor.stackexchange.com or HiddenServiceDir /var/lib/tor/hidden_service/site HiddenServicePort 80 151.101.129.69:80 ...
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1answer
344 views

Malicious hidden service directories [closed]

https://nakedsecurity.sophos.com/2016/09/07/can-you-trust-tors-hidden-service-directories/ if the descriptor ID is predictable, how easy is to muscle into the positions in the list just above a ...
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1answer
1k views

Using Whonix Gateway to host web server?

Is it okay to use the whonix gateway to host an onion? And simply point the hidden service to a debian workstation like "10.152.152.17 12345"? Generally it seems best not to modify any of the whonix ...
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2answers
446 views

Why does TransparentProxy working with `nameserver 127.0.0.1` but doesn't working with iptables redirects?

This my second question is a continuation of my first one. Setup is default Kali 2 and configured anonymous user from TransparentProxy manual on it. While I'm using nameserver 127.0.0.1 in /etc/...
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1answer
795 views

resolving onion domains partially fails

Init: For user anonymous configured transpared proxy. Wireshark sniffing lo... Trying to use console network-tools torified. anonymous@kali:/tmp$ time strace -s6000 -t -f dig facebookcorewwwi....