Questions tagged [onion-routing]

Questions relating to onion routing, and onion routing protocols

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15 views

“Brave will open onion service of the website when available or .onion domain in Tor window”

I downloaded the Brave browser and the it is an option within its settings to open an .onion domain in a Tor window. However I do not have Tor downloaded on my device. I read one article that said to ...
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20 views

UFW Rules and Tor

Would the following rules still allow Tor or would I need to add something? Also running DNScrypt with 1.1.1.1 in case that matters and I would also like to use a bridge. ~$ sudo ufw allow out on <...
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Why doesn't Tor use garlic routing?

Garlic routing is a variant of onion routing which the Invisible Internet Project (I2P) uses. Why doesn't Tor use garlic routing instead of onion routing?
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Q & A: What is garlic routing and how is it different from onion routing?

Tor uses onion routing while I2P uses garlic routing. What exactly is garlic routing and how is it different from onion routing?
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Can G-suite admins see browsing history when im using an onion browser

Couldnt find any answers online. Thanks in advance!
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Tor hiden service ratelimits

While we are building a denial of service protection using and onionbalance for our HSv3 resources was discovered an interesting thing: during testing with simulated DDoS (launched 1000 tor client ...
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177 views

Why does the Tor browser come with DuckDuckGo (normal) as the default search engine and not DuckDuckGo onion?

After installing the Tor browser, the user's default search engine is https://duckduckgo.com. However, it make more sense for the user to search with DuckDuckGo's onion service. This way all the ...
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38 views

Are .onion sites decentralized?

Blockchain technology has given rise to something called "decentralized domains" like .crypto that cannot be censored, nor rented (in the case of namebase.io), unlike DNS domains like .com ...
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77 views

Why does having a second non-Tor browser open compromise your anonymity on Tor?

Using Tor by itself gives anonymity, but I heard that you must avoid opening a clearnet web browser at the same time as Tor otherwise it can leak your identity. Why and how does the second browser ...
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What's the difference between darknet, clearnet and hidden services?

Hidden services and darknet seem to be conjoined concepts, although distinct as the former seems to be a feature of the latter, not vice versa. But the description of the "clearnet" tag ...
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99 views

Are .onion sites also written in HTML?

Websites are primarily saved in .htm(l) format, being based on HTML (hypertext mark-up language), CSS, sometimes Javascript. Are .onion sites on the darknet no different, or are there unique coding ...
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127 views

Besides .onion, what other domain extensions exist for the darknet?

Clearnet has hundreds of top-level domain extensions (TLDs): .com, .net, .org, .co.uk, .tv, etc It's hard to believe that only one TLD, .onion, was made for the darknet. Are there any other domain ...
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135 views

What's so bad about using Tor from home?

If Tor browser anonymizes our IP address, why go to extra lengths to not use Tor from home? What added benefit does going to a public wi-fi hotspot even provide a Tor user? Does it simply defend ...
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Tails OS on one USB drive, but save downloaded files to second USB or SD drive

If two USB drives are connected to a Windows notebook, one containing the Tails OS, are there any security loopholes or anonymity breaches by downloading files from .onion sites to the second USB ...
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130 views

Search engine optimization for .onion sites

Torch is an example of a darknet search engine. How can search engine optimization (SEO) be done to make an .onion site appear at the top of search results? how is darknet SEO different than regular ...
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127 views

Does the Tor browser save cached versions of .onion sites to computer?

When browsing the web, cached versions of websites are downloaded and saved for indefinite periods automatically by internet browsers. Every image and .html file associated with the website are stored ...
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69 views

Month-long bitcoin subscription on .onion sites: How are returning subscribers identified each day?

If a month-long subscription is paid in Bitcoin to an .onion site using Tor browser, how does that site still recognize/identify the same anonymous user when the return in subsequent sessions, given ...
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126 views

Tor without Tails or VPN

How easy is it for the ISP or other party to see online movement of someone using the Tor browser without the Tails OS, as well as without a VPN? From what's written Tor doesn't automatically come ...
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72 views

TOR over VPN for home network

I would like to use a VPN service that does not support a build in Tor over VPN option. So would there be a way to make this at home for the whole network? Would something like this make sense? ...
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25 views

Tor Address Migrate/Copying [duplicate]

Hello, I want to move my v3 onion address to the new server. How can I do? Thanks
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29 views

What would be an example of a routing protocol that preserves anonymity even if the Guard Node and Exit Node are both compromised

I was reading a comment discussion on the answer to this question Where it's basically revealed that large numbers of middle nodes do not provide any additional security if the Guard Node and Exit ...
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28 views

Is the cell at the rendezvous encrypted with only the symmetric key exchanged with the HS?

My question pertains to the scenario after the client and the HS have exchanged a symmetric key. So, we have the following circuit: Client -- c_relay_1(guard) -- c_relay_2 -- RP -- s_relay_3 -- ...
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How to get Onion v3 private key file from files generated by mkp224o?

I have genarated a castom onion v3 domain by using mkp224o i got 3 file hostname hs_ed25519_public_key hs_ed25519_secret_key now I need the private key file to upload it to the TOR host's server. I ...
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257 views

How to route all network traffic through tor

I'm trying to create a network that sends all traffic through tor. So far I've got a PFsense box acting as a router and a separate debian instance with tor installed and running. Is there a way to ...
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All onion channels show HungryTREX as first node

after upgrading to Tails 4.14, the first server in all onion channels is HungryTREX with an IP address from Toronto, Canada. This isn't looking sane, but what I do know... Many services are ...
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30 views

Different ports or different hidden services?

Talking in terms of privacy, is it better to use the same .onion domain, mapping different ports to the same .onion or is it better to generate different hidden services?
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Will Tor route thru my internet connection (and back) when connecting to onion service on local network?

I want to run a Nextcloud server on my home network and I also want it to be accessible from the internet. Instead trying to tunnel the port to internet and messing with SSL certificates, running it ...
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If a client builds a full circuit to the rendezvous point, how can there be 6 hops between client and hidden service?

On https://2019.www.torproject.org/docs/onion-services it says that whenever the client or server contacts the rendezvous point or one introduction point, it always builds a full tor circuit. So, why ...
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14 views

Samsung Email Client

I have tor running through Termux on my phone and I was able to set up Firefox Android to use that tor connection without any problems. Now, I'd like to be able to use the stock Samsung Email Client ...
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125 views

Switching to v3 address

i've been running v2 onion address for my clearweb blog for some time.However i heard that from 2021 the v2 will be removed and only v3 addresses will be working.Since yesterday i have been trying to ...
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55 views

Host a hidden service on a different port and access from clearnet

I have an hidden service hosted on port 8080 (cause port 80 is busy on another service) and I'd like to allow people visit it through web proxies like onion.sh. Unfortunately, I have no idea on how to ...
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214 views

What programming languages are used to build tor hidden webpages (dark web webpages)

**Which programming languages are used to write onion webpages . and is it possible to use tor browser on Linux distributions with obtaining full anonymity? , and finally where can I study the onion ...
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40 views

Safety of V2/V3 onions

I have 1 question, lets suppose the attacker got the 1 and the 3rd nodes of Tor circuit. Does using of V3 onion gives us some security benefits? Can attacker be able to disclose V2/V3 resource we are ...
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61 views

What is the key blinding function used in the hidden service protocol v3?

I've read the rend-spec-v3.txt document which is supposed to be the specification for the v3 hidden service protocol. The document makes several references to a key blinding function that takes in an ...
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Can opening new windows/tabs in Tor acidentally bypass onioun routing and leak ip?

I was surfing in www via Tor browser bundle on Windows (Im novice in it) and I just`ve noticed that sometimes (but not every time) when I click on random link and choose "Open in new window" ...
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How does a Tor client find the correct HSDir to connect to when fetching a “descriptor” of a hidden service?

It seems that a Tor client connects to a HSDir through a circuit of 3 Tor nodes when retrieving a hidden service descriptor. But to access a hidden service, a user only needs to know the .onion ...
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35 views

Difference between regular httpS and onion http & attacking opportunities for deanon. .onion users

Im kinda new in Tor, but I need 2 maybe not very simple answers from experts of this site. Lets start. Firstly, I have read technical documents and its reported that "http versions of .onion ...
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36 views

How Tor is build and how can someone build something Tor/overlay network or routers?

Things I know: I have been using Tor for like a few years now, and I have a good idea of how "Tor/Onion routing" works. I have gone through the Tor's original paper (by Nick and Roger) and ...
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30 views

Data sources containing onion URL sites

Aside from hidden wiki's, what other data sources can .onion URLs be found in? I'm looking for a list of potential types of places that contain .onion URLs, and the relative likelihood in finding them ...
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120 views

Onion circuits on tails

When I open onion circuits on tails the first column all have the same name, fingerprint, ip, is that normal?
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39 views

obfs4 bridge every 10-20 seconds send and receive some data on static or default browser pages

Is it kind of normal experience? When I'm just on static, already downloaded page or default Tor browser page, in network statistics on PC every ~5-10-20 sec small unidentified packets send or receive ...
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111 views

Does ISP know I have an onion server if I set up a onion website at home?

I wanna set up a onion server at home . But does my ISP know that ??
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1. Does the exit node able to know which onion sites are used? & 2. some obfs issue

My 1. first question in the tittle. Everybody knows that exit nodes able to know which clearnet sites and pages are used. But what about onion sites? And 2. the second question. Tor is blocked in my ...
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two or more onion domains on the same vps

I installed a few onion domains: in /etc/torrc and /var/lib/tor/hidden_services.... on the same port and configured one virtual host on nginx for these domains (same document root). Usually all the ...
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224 views

Configuring Tor to Work in Other Web Browsers

I am trying to configure my internet options so I can use the Tor servers in another browser, specifically Internet Explorer. Yes, I know this is not recommended and it's an old browser, but I need to ...
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42 views

TOR will only open SOME onlion links

I just installed linux on my laptop (parrot). I can access a lot of onion links via Tor, but for some reason places like Empire and Dread are just not loading. I tried the exact same links on my ...
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74 views

C++ socket.io client over tor service

I am trying to send socket requests in C++ to an onion link I am hosting with tor services and node.js. My node.js server is being hosted on port 8080. When I try to send socket requests to localhost:...
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64 views

Can legit antivirus spying on user when ''accessibility-services'' in Tor are turned off and onion routing using?

I use one of the most popular antivirus program for Windows for months and some days ago I just noticed that it at least uses firewall and ''internet security and protection'' settings turned on and ...
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115 views

Is HSDir based attack is still possible nowadays? +Need some info

I've read some information from 2014-17 about attacking possibilities which have or had nodes are called ''HSDirs'' At first what i need to know, HSDir node it is also ''exit'' or third node from ...
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73 views

Can the attacker`s “malware” node see the full link of .onion sites users have access to?

If we talk about .onion sites only, can the bad nodes see the part of site's link? Like "example.onion/" or full link like "example.onion/user404/data/page/example123.txt"? I don't talk about IP of ...

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