Questions tagged [onion-routing]

Questions relating to onion routing, and onion routing protocols

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20 votes
3 answers
79k views

Where I can find, export or download the biggest list of all .onion addresses?

Where or how I can find, export or download the biggest list of all hidden service .onion addresses?
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  • 1,115
18 votes
4 answers
13k views

Is it possible to make the Tor onion-routing path longer?

By default, Tor uses an onion-routing path with three hops: entry, relay (middle) and exit. Is it possible to configure (or, if necessary, recompile) Tor to use more than three hops? This would lessen ...
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77 votes
1 answer
39k views

How do onion addresses exactly work?

I understand that the .onion address is a public key of sorts, but not much more than that (I can vaguely guess, though). When nobody knows the IP of the .onion address, how do requests reach it? Are ...
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3 votes
1 answer
983 views

Understanding the tor circuit

I try understanding the tor circuit, i understand that if I send "hello" to, for example, google.es the circuit is: () -> encryption Me -> (((input node))) -> ((normal node)) -> (output node) [text ...
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0 votes
2 answers
319 views

Special search in tor

How can I search in tor browser and get only .onion URLs?Because right now it jut like a normal search engine but with hiddenwiki what makes it just a little bit better than Chrome.
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  • 103
11 votes
4 answers
74k views

What are the best Tor2Web anonymous gateways?

What are the best Tor2Web anonymous gateways to make Hidden Web-Services available on clearnet/standard Internet?
15 votes
3 answers
10k views

Is running Tor over Tor dangerous?

I've read somewhere that running Tor over another Tor connection is not only non-productive but actually dangerous? For example: say I were running TBB on my machine and was running Whonix in 2 VMs ...
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  • 1,473
5 votes
2 answers
303 views

How does a OR know that it is the cells final destination?

As far as i understood the payload is encrypted in layers and each relay router decrypts its layer as the cell passes along its way to the exit router. Contained within this payload is also the relay ...
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6 votes
2 answers
1k views

What is the reasoning behind keeping hidden service onion RSA keys at 1024 length?

Is the cost to performance of using larger key length not cost effective? How would it negatively impact anyone if some hosts decided to use a larger key length (i.e. Why isn't anyone free to manually ...
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  • 361
16 votes
1 answer
6k views

Why does Tor use three hops, instead of two?

With onion-routing a relay in a circuit only knows its predecessor and its successor, while a "normal" proxy is just one hop, so that it knows who connects to it and where it has to connect to. ...
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  • 2,642
5 votes
4 answers
9k views

Is there any bridge beetwen Tor and Freenet? Is there way to bridge Freenet site like a Tor hidden service?

Is there any bridge beetwen Tor and Freenet? Is there a way to bridge Freenet site like a Tor hidden service ( onion domain )? E.g. setting up site in Freenet network means, that this site splitted ...
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3 votes
2 answers
2k views

What are advantages and disadvantages of Tor with respect to JonDonym?

Objectively, what are the advantages and disadvantages of Tor with respect to JonDonym (formerly known as JAP) in the sense of security and anonymity?
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  • 3,236
5 votes
1 answer
1k views

Security advantages of Tor over I2P

What are security advantages of tor over I2P?
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  • 51
3 votes
1 answer
1k views

How can Facebook's Tor Onion be constantly accessible with the massive bandwidth demand?

Background: (you can skip if you already know the details of Facebook's Hidden Service) In 2014, Facebook unveiled their Tor Hidden Service that let people from restricting governments access Facebook ...
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3 votes
1 answer
2k views

What's the difference between the Tor proxy and the Browser Bundle?

I have done some research on Tor the past few months, trying to learn more about it's infrastructure, and have been successful for the most part. However, there is something that I can't seem to find ...
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2 votes
2 answers
2k views

sending email through .onion

If an email provider uses an .onion address, does the email exit their servers into the internet through a tor exit node? Could a powerful adversary track it?
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14 votes
1 answer
4k views

How are domain names created in the Tor network? [duplicate]

I wonder how the .onion domain names can be created? I mean, I don't assume that there is any central domain name provider. So how and where are those addresses created?
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7 votes
3 answers
4k views

Where is the Tor API documentation?

I want to have a program I'm writing interact with the Internet exclusively through Tor. After perusing the Tor project's documentation it appears that they do not specify the API anywhere i.e. how a ...
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  • 225
3 votes
2 answers
5k views

Finding all onion addresses

Is there any direct way to ask all registered onion addresses from Tor directories? If it is not available, it should be bruteforced for specific ports? I mean all 16 chars onion addresses should be ...
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  • 368
3 votes
2 answers
717 views

Running Tor over Tor

So I am going to set up a Raspberry Pi Onion Router and I normally use the browser bundle would it be bad? More effective? Or just as effective as using just the browser bundle?
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2 votes
0 answers
2k views

Setting up Tor relay and port reachability test failed error message [closed]

Greeting earthlings, I am attempting to set up Tor relay and the only issue I am encountering is a message stating that Server Port Reachability test failed and directory port reachability test ...
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2 votes
1 answer
304 views

Relay cell size moving backward

I have been studying the papers on Tor and Onion Routing for my thesis and I have been trying to figure out how the whole cell size works. In the OR paper it is made clear that when a cell moves in ...
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1 vote
1 answer
3k views

Most '.onion' links won't load?

OS: Kali Linux Live Settings have not been modified. Most '.onion' links that I try to access simply refuse to load. They will hang on the loading screen until the connection times out. Not all of ...
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1 vote
0 answers
640 views

How block clearnet in Tor browser?

Some .onion websites contain clearnet links which sends you to https (or http) websites. I understood that https/http is lesser anonymous than .onion. How can I block in Tor browser all links that ...
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1 vote
1 answer
851 views

resolving onion domains partially fails

Init: For user anonymous configured transpared proxy. Wireshark sniffing lo... Trying to use console network-tools torified. anonymous@kali:/tmp$ time strace -s6000 -t -f dig facebookcorewwwi....
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1 vote
1 answer
3k views

Can the Tor Browser itself hide your location?

I know this is about the simplest of questions, but I've yet to come across an answer that gives me a sold yes or no answer. Basically, what I'm dealing with are average internet users who claim to ...
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  • 11
1 vote
1 answer
2k views

How to deal with DDOS attacks?

This post was not helpful: How to protect a hidden service against DDOS attack? My onion keeps getting hit with denial of service attacks. Is there anything I can do to minimize the effects? POST ...
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  • 11
0 votes
1 answer
72 views

how to use a previously generated onion domain?

this is probably a really dumb question but, I can't find any info about it. For what I see this exact topic has not been addressed before. I am running a onion service with a hostname generated by ...
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