Questions tagged [onion-routing]

Questions relating to onion routing, and onion routing protocols

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What's an "onion circuit"?

Being new to tor, I had opened a "onion circuits" window just to see some of it's magic without fully understanding what it means. I noticed that in the "normal case" I see a variety of hosts from ...
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76 views

Can legit antivirus spying on user when ''accessibility-services'' in Tor are turned off and onion routing using?

I use one of the most popular antivirus program for Windows for months and some days ago I just noticed that it at least uses firewall and ''internet security and protection'' settings turned on and ...
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156 views

Tails OS on one USB drive, but save downloaded files to second USB or SD drive

If two USB drives are connected to a Windows notebook, one containing the Tails OS, are there any security loopholes or anonymity breaches by downloading files from .onion sites to the second USB ...
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Are .onion sites decentralized?

Blockchain technology has given rise to something called "decentralized domains" like .crypto that cannot be censored, nor rented (in the case of namebase.io), unlike DNS domains like .com ...
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103 views

Tor Key Exchange Remaining Anonymous

If the client device performs 3 DH key exchanges with the 3 Tor relay devices, how does Tor provide anonymity to the client; wouldn't the IP address of the client be seen during the key exchange?? How ...
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44 views

Could there be a way to make the Tor network faster by paying money?

Suppose someone has a lot of monero (or some other sufficiently private currency) and they want to have highest possible data throughput while maintaining anonymity. Has anyone researched protocols ...
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50 views

Tor doesn't work until I run "Tor" in the terminal

Tor@default.service fails to run and journalctl -eu tor@default outputs this - https://campfirebg.eu5.org/upload/log.txt Any help?
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One site will not load on TOR

I have used TOR for a while now, and I have no problems, except it is a bit slow to load pages, which is fine. www.netspend.com/activation is a site to activate a VISA debit card, which I want to ...
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53 views

Tor doesn't read the torrc file

When I tried to create a .onion service by modifying the torrc file, nothing happened. I mean nothing. The official website says that if tor is not starting then there is a problem. Well tor is ...
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209 views

TOR How does middle node know which chain a packet belongs to?

"Tor works like a chain of proxies, where each proxy only knows about the next hop and the previous hop." I presume that a TOR node may be part of more than one circuit though, how does it know which ...
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121 views

How to disable JavaScript on Servers

if you're a client using a Torbrowser, it's recommended to disable JavaScript. But if you're a server providing a service - how to disable JavaScript? TIA
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192 views

make a TOR url act like Alias in DNS

I have a onion domain private key and registered a clearnet website hosting on namecheap.com Now I want to make the onion domain work like alias to the clearnet url like the Alias DNS record. How ...
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Can't host my own hidden service

I use lighttpd, i can access localhost with Firefox, use port 9000, I modified my torrc with this port; HiddenServiceDir /var/lib/tor/hidden_service/ HiddenServicePort 80 127.0.0.1:9000 Reload, ...
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UFW Rules and Tor

Would the following rules still allow Tor or would I need to add something? Also running DNScrypt with 1.1.1.1 in case that matters and I would also like to use a bridge. ~$ sudo ufw allow out on <...
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284 views

How do I navigate onion to get into the dark web?

It just goes to the home screen every time. I can’t figure out how to even get into the dark web. I downloaded TOR and onion from the App Store since I am using an iPhone but can’t figure out how to ...
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108 views

Details about Tor's Packaging Window and Delivery Window

I have learned Tor's congestion control policy from the paper: Tor:The Second-Generation Onion Router. But I don't understand Tor's Packaging Window and Delivery Window. The paper said: "The ...
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31 views

Will Tor route thru my internet connection (and back) when connecting to onion service on local network?

I want to run a Nextcloud server on my home network and I also want it to be accessible from the internet. Instead trying to tunnel the port to internet and messing with SSL certificates, running it ...
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Own TOR website to mirror another tor website

is this possible to to mirror any tor website to my tor site? I found some article about such https://itgala.xyz/nginx-reverse-proxy-to-onion-site-in-tor-network/ My Nginx config: /etc/nginx/sites-...
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How can i nginx reverse proxy to .onion site ? which is on TOR network?

i have installed TOR and nginx on my cent os server. when i proxy_pass requests to the TOR running on my localhost and supply host headers of .onion website. i am getting tor is not an http proxy ...
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560 views

What programming languages are used to build tor hidden webpages (dark web webpages)

**Which programming languages are used to write onion webpages . and is it possible to use tor browser on Linux distributions with obtaining full anonymity? , and finally where can I study the onion ...
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76 views

How do I prevent tor from overwriting my hostname file?

I am trying to use my own custom .onion address using eschalot and after I add my info to hostname and key info into the private key file, upon starting tor, it overwrites my custom address and adds a ...
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307 views

Configuring Tor to Work in Other Web Browsers

I am trying to configure my internet options so I can use the Tor servers in another browser, specifically Internet Explorer. Yes, I know this is not recommended and it's an old browser, but I need to ...
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107 views

Prosody XMPP server with onion domain

I set up the XMPP Prosody server in conjunction with the onion domain, it works fine with v2 domains, but when I trying to configure it with onion v3, it does not connect. Everything is clear in ...
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59 views
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Tor Won't Launch

Every time since last night when I try to launch TOR I get "Tor exited during startup. This might be due to an error in your torrc file, a bug in Tor or another program on your system, or faulty ...
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125 views

Setting up relay on Ubuntu 16.04

This is the content of torrc file configuration: SocksPort 0 RunAsDaemon 1 ORPort 9001 ORPort [2409:4070:219c:d7f8:94cf:ac05:ee3b:b21c]:9001 ContactInfo itstrulyjenni(at)gmail(dot)com #DirPort 9050 ...
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215 views

Onion circuits on tails

When I open onion circuits on tails the first column all have the same name, fingerprint, ip, is that normal?
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47 views

obfs4 bridge every 10-20 seconds send and receive some data on static or default browser pages

Is it kind of normal experience? When I'm just on static, already downloaded page or default Tor browser page, in network statistics on PC every ~5-10-20 sec small unidentified packets send or receive ...
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99 views

Can the attacker's malicious node see the full link of .onion sites users have access to?

If we talk about .onion sites only, can the bad nodes see the part of site's link? Like "example.onion/" or full link like "example.onion/user404/data/page/example123.txt"? I don't talk about IP of ...
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307 views

How make Ruby on Rails app available in .onion?

I have dedicated web server working by Rybu on Rails. But I don't know how to make it work in .onion link.
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Why can't I connect to an .onion site on safari?

I have a question and I also have a doubt why I can't connect to deep web it loads then shows this: And should I worry about maybe some malware could have been injected to my computer or accessed my ...
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243 views

making request onion sites without tor

I made a simple server at my home hosted by tor. The server contains my personal files and i dont like paying services for hosting websites because hosting on tor is free and hidden. It doesn't matter ...
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How do I use tor network to access my email account

Is there anyway to use tor network to securely access me email accounts like with onion? I use tor browser to access my email account and sent my self an email to another email service and it showed ...
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80 views

Are relays chosen by location proximity, e.g. county, for circuit building?

Are relays chosen by location proximity, e.g. county, for circuit building? I know that there exists some rules but I didn't read anything about location. If the location of a client is not ...
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33 views

Map Multiple Tor Daemon Local Names/Addreses/Ports to Multiple Country Specific ExitNodes

All: Is it possible to Map Multiple Tor Daemon Local Names/Addresses/Ports to Multiple Country Specific ExitNodes without running multiple instances of the Tor daemon? amazon.cn (127.0.0.1) => ...
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Most '.onion' links won't load?

OS: Kali Linux Live Settings have not been modified. Most '.onion' links that I try to access simply refuse to load. They will hang on the loading screen until the connection times out. Not all of ...
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348 views

tor Onion Circuits

I'm a neub learning Tor relaying and bridges. I am currently operating a relay on a droplet. It has been up for 14 days and has all of the flags assigned to it. I use a Pi 3 with Raspbian and run NYX ...
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379 views

How to get Onion v3 private key file from files generated by mkp224o?

I have genarated a castom onion v3 domain by using mkp224o i got 3 file hostname hs_ed25519_public_key hs_ed25519_secret_key now I need the private key file to upload it to the TOR host's server. I ...
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247 views

Search engine optimization for .onion sites

Torch is an example of a darknet search engine. How can search engine optimization (SEO) be done to make an .onion site appear at the top of search results? how is darknet SEO different than regular ...
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What happens if you don't use a VPN to send an email by sigaint.org?

I have the metadata (header) from a Tor sigaint.org email. I believe the sender did NOT use a VPN to access Tor. Is there something in the metadata that I should look for that can tell me who the ...
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209 views

Not able to access .onion sites - because I left tbb open for a while?

I've seen a few questions asking/commenting about the availability of .onion sites. I've never tried to use them before today adn I was surprised to see that the first 4 or 5 I couldn't access. All ...
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44 views

nginx config for onion service

I want to config the nginx for my onion service. The config below works well server { listen 80; server_name test.com; root "/my-project-location/"; index index.html index....
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33 views

Multiple hidden services on one server

How is it that I can host multiple (static) hidden services on one server? I am just needing 3 simple and static HTML sites with their own .onion? If I add multiple HiddenServiceDir do they have to be ...
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"Brave will open onion service of the website when available or .onion domain in Tor window"

I downloaded the Brave browser and the it is an option within its settings to open an .onion domain in a Tor window. However I do not have Tor downloaded on my device. I read one article that said to ...
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Q & A: What is garlic routing and how is it different from onion routing?

Tor uses onion routing while I2P uses garlic routing. What exactly is garlic routing and how is it different from onion routing?
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Why doesn't Tor use garlic routing?

Garlic routing is a variant of onion routing which the Invisible Internet Project (I2P) uses. Why doesn't Tor use garlic routing instead of onion routing?
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sending email through .onion

If an email provider uses an .onion address, does the email exit their servers into the internet through a tor exit node? Could a powerful adversary track it?
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Why does the Tor browser come with DuckDuckGo (normal) as the default search engine and not DuckDuckGo onion?

After installing the Tor browser, the user's default search engine is https://duckduckgo.com. However, it make more sense for the user to search with DuckDuckGo's onion service. This way all the ...
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Is it possible to ping .onion?

I've a program that with an algorithm generate link in .onion. Some link runs, some no. For check if every link runs, I would ask this: Is it possible to ping a link .onion? If yes, how to Can I do it?...
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Tor hiden service ratelimits

While we are building a denial of service protection using and onionbalance for our HSv3 resources was discovered an interesting thing: during testing with simulated DDoS (launched 1000 tor client ...

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