Questions tagged [onion-routing]

Questions relating to onion routing, and onion routing protocols

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210 views

Tor Search Engine? is there any Tor2web search engines in clearnet?

I'm looking to a best tor search engine for search tor hidden services at without the need of tor browser. Also, I like a simple user interface and fast. Please suggest some tor2web proxy search ...
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1answer
26 views

Does the Tor browser save cached versions of .onion sites to computer?

When browsing the web, cached versions of websites are downloaded and saved for indefinite periods automatically by internet browsers. Every image and .html file associated with the website are stored ...
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1answer
24 views

Month-long bitcoin subscription on .onion sites: How are returning subscribers identified each day?

If a month-long subscription is paid in Bitcoin to an .onion site using Tor browser, how does that site still recognize/identify the same anonymous user when the return in subsequent sessions, given ...
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1k views

Implementing the tor protocol, based on tor sources and a few clarifications

Im trying to implement a simple C# application that is based on Tor protocol, without identity changes every few minutes etc. just to create a circuit and make a request. I created the onion hidden ...
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1answer
55 views

Tor without Tails or VPN

How easy is it for the ISP or other party to see online movement of someone using the Tor browser without the Tails OS, as well as without a VPN? From what's written Tor doesn't automatically come ...
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46 views

TOR over VPN for home network

I would like to use a VPN service that does not support a build in Tor over VPN option. So would there be a way to make this at home for the whole network? Would something like this make sense? ...
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1answer
15 views

Tor Address Migrate/Copying

Hello, I want to move my v3 onion address to the new server. How can I do? Thanks
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2answers
49 views

How to get Onion v3 private key file from files generated by mkp224o?

I have genarated a castom onion v3 domain by using mkp224o i got 3 file hostname hs_ed25519_public_key hs_ed25519_secret_key now I need the private key file to upload it to the TOR host's server. I ...
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1answer
23 views

What would be an example of a routing protocol that preserves anonymity even if the Guard Node and Exit Node are both compromised

I was reading a comment discussion on the answer to this question Where it's basically revealed that large numbers of middle nodes do not provide any additional security if the Guard Node and Exit ...
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1answer
191 views

TOR How does middle node know which chain a packet belongs to?

"Tor works like a chain of proxies, where each proxy only knows about the next hop and the previous hop." I presume that a TOR node may be part of more than one circuit though, how does it know which ...
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114 views

make a TOR url act like Alias in DNS

I have a onion domain private key and registered a clearnet website hosting on namecheap.com Now I want to make the onion domain work like alias to the clearnet url like the Alias DNS record. How ...
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2answers
781 views

Can't host my own hidden service

I use lighttpd, i can access localhost with Firefox, use port 9000, I modified my torrc with this port; HiddenServiceDir /var/lib/tor/hidden_service/ HiddenServicePort 80 127.0.0.1:9000 Reload, ...
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1answer
22 views

Is the cell at the rendezvous encrypted with only the symmetric key exchanged with the HS?

My question pertains to the scenario after the client and the HS have exchanged a symmetric key. So, we have the following circuit: Client -- c_relay_1(guard) -- c_relay_2 -- RP -- s_relay_3 -- ...
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245 views

How do I navigate onion to get into the dark web?

It just goes to the home screen every time. I can’t figure out how to even get into the dark web. I downloaded TOR and onion from the App Store since I am using an iPhone but can’t figure out how to ...
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1answer
72 views

Details about Tor's Packaging Window and Delivery Window

I have learned Tor's congestion control policy from the paper: Tor:The Second-Generation Onion Router. But I don't understand Tor's Packaging Window and Delivery Window. The paper said: "The ...
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1answer
21 views

Will Tor route thru my internet connection (and back) when connecting to onion service on local network?

I want to run a Nextcloud server on my home network and I also want it to be accessible from the internet. Instead trying to tunnel the port to internet and messing with SSL certificates, running it ...
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1answer
50 views

How do I prevent tor from overwriting my hostname file?

I am trying to use my own custom .onion address using eschalot and after I add my info to hostname and key info into the private key file, upon starting tor, it overwrites my custom address and adds a ...
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119 views

How to route all network traffic through tor

I'm trying to create a network that sends all traffic through tor. So far I've got a PFsense box acting as a router and a separate debian instance with tor installed and running. Is there a way to ...
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16 views

All onion channels show HungryTREX as first node

after upgrading to Tails 4.14, the first server in all onion channels is HungryTREX with an IP address from Toronto, Canada. This isn't looking sane, but what I do know... Many services are ...
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1answer
3k views

Tor Won't Launch

Every time since last night when I try to launch TOR I get "Tor exited during startup. This might be due to an error in your torrc file, a bug in Tor or another program on your system, or faulty ...
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87 views

Onion circuits on tails

When I open onion circuits on tails the first column all have the same name, fingerprint, ip, is that normal?
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35 views

obfs4 bridge every 10-20 seconds send and receive some data on static or default browser pages

Is it kind of normal experience? When I'm just on static, already downloaded page or default Tor browser page, in network statistics on PC every ~5-10-20 sec small unidentified packets send or receive ...
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1answer
278 views

How make Ruby on Rails app available in .onion?

I have dedicated web server working by Rybu on Rails. But I don't know how to make it work in .onion link.
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1answer
95 views

What programming languages are used to build tor hidden webpages (dark web webpages)

**Which programming languages are used to write onion webpages . and is it possible to use tor browser on Linux distributions with obtaining full anonymity? , and finally where can I study the onion ...
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2k views

Why can't I connect to an .onion site on safari?

I have a question and I also have a doubt why I can't connect to deep web it loads then shows this: And should I worry about maybe some malware could have been injected to my computer or accessed my ...
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175 views

Not able to access .onoin sites - because I left tbb open for a while?

I've seen a few questions asking/commenting about the availability of .onion sites. I've never tried to use them before today adn I was surprised to see that the first 4 or 5 I couldn't access. All ...
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2answers
1k views

How do I use tor network to access my email account

Is there anyway to use tor network to securely access me email accounts like with onion? I use tor browser to access my email account and sent my self an email to another email service and it showed ...
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103 views
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14 views

Samsung Email Client

I have tor running through Termux on my phone and I was able to set up Firefox Android to use that tor connection without any problems. Now, I'd like to be able to use the stock Samsung Email Client ...
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21 views

If a client builds a full circuit to the rendezvous point, how can there be 6 hops between client and hidden service?

On https://2019.www.torproject.org/docs/onion-services it says that whenever the client or server contacts the rendezvous point or one introduction point, it always builds a full tor circuit. So, why ...
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1answer
150 views

Configuring Tor to Work in Other Web Browsers

I am trying to configure my internet options so I can use the Tor servers in another browser, specifically Internet Explorer. Yes, I know this is not recommended and it's an old browser, but I need to ...
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61 views

Switching to v3 address

i've been running v2 onion address for my clearweb blog for some time.However i heard that from 2021 the v2 will be removed and only v3 addresses will be working.Since yesterday i have been trying to ...
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1answer
43 views

Host a hidden service on a different port and access from clearnet

I have an hidden service hosted on port 8080 (cause port 80 is busy on another service) and I'd like to allow people visit it through web proxies like onion.sh. Unfortunately, I have no idea on how to ...
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1answer
65 views

Are relays chosen by location proximity, e.g. county, for circuit building?

Are relays chosen by location proximity, e.g. county, for circuit building? I know that there exists some rules but I didn't read anything about location. If the location of a client is not ...
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1answer
98 views

Setting up relay on Ubuntu 16.04

This is our torrc file configuration: SocksPort 0 RunAsDaemon 1 ORPort 9001 ORPort [2409:4070:219c:d7f8:94cf:ac05:ee3b:b21c]:9001 ContactInfo itstrulyjenni(at)gmail(dot)com ...
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1answer
236 views

tor Onion Circuits

I'm a neub learning Tor relaying and bridges. I am currently operating a relay on a droplet. It has been up for 14 days and has all of the flags assigned to it. I use a Pi 3 with Raspbian and run NYX ...
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68 views

Can the attacker`s “malware” node see the full link of .onion sites users have access to?

If we talk about .onion sites only, can the bad nodes see the part of site's link? Like "example.onion/" or full link like "example.onion/user404/data/page/example123.txt"? I don't talk about IP of ...
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28 views

Safety of V2/V3 onions

I have 1 question, lets suppose the attacker got the 1 and the 3rd nodes of Tor circuit. Does using of V3 onion gives us some security benefits? Can attacker be able to disclose V2/V3 resource we are ...
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1answer
55 views

What is the key blinding function used in the hidden service protocol v3?

I've read the rend-spec-v3.txt document which is supposed to be the specification for the v3 hidden service protocol. The document makes several references to a key blinding function that takes in an ...
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1answer
1k views

What's an “onion circuit”?

Being new to tor, I had opened a "onion circuits" window just to see some of it's magic without fully understanding what it means. I noticed that in the "normal case" I see a variety of hosts from ...
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1answer
56 views

Can legit antivirus spying on user when ''accessibility-services'' in Tor are turned off and onion routing using?

I use one of the most popular antivirus program for Windows for months and some days ago I just noticed that it at least uses firewall and ''internet security and protection'' settings turned on and ...
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1answer
63 views

Is HSDir based attack is still possible nowadays? +Need some info

I've read some information from 2014-17 about attacking possibilities which have or had nodes are called ''HSDirs'' At first what i need to know, HSDir node it is also ''exit'' or third node from ...
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1answer
902 views

Most '.onion' links won't load?

OS: Kali Linux Live Settings have not been modified. Most '.onion' links that I try to access simply refuse to load. They will hang on the loading screen until the connection times out. Not all of ...
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1answer
154 views

making request onion sites without tor

I made a simple server at my home hosted by tor. The server contains my personal files and i dont like paying services for hosting websites because hosting on tor is free and hidden. It doesn't matter ...
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1answer
80 views

Tor Key Exchange Remaining Anonymous

If the client device performs 3 DH key exchanges with the 3 Tor relay devices, how does Tor provide anonymity to the client; wouldn't the IP address of the client be seen during the key exchange?? How ...
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26 views

Can opening new windows/tabs in Tor acidentally bypass onioun routing and leak ip?

I was surfing in www via Tor browser bundle on Windows (Im novice in it) and I just`ve noticed that sometimes (but not every time) when I click on random link and choose "Open in new window" ...
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16 views

How does a Tor client find the correct HSDir to connect to when fetching a “descriptor” of a hidden service?

It seems that a Tor client connects to a HSDir through a circuit of 3 Tor nodes when retrieving a hidden service descriptor. But to access a hidden service, a user only needs to know the .onion ...
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34 views

Difference between regular httpS and onion http & attacking opportunities for deanon. .onion users

Im kinda new in Tor, but I need 2 maybe not very simple answers from experts of this site. Lets start. Firstly, I have read technical documents and its reported that "http versions of .onion ...
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33 views

How Tor is build and how can someone build something Tor/overlay network or routers?

Things I know: I have been using Tor for like a few years now, and I have a good idea of how "Tor/Onion routing" works. I have gone through the Tor's original paper (by Nick and Roger) and ...
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1answer
98 views

Tor Hidden Service Suddenly Stopped Working

I setup my hidden service a in February and has been working completely fine. After 9 days of not having my service running 20th-29th March, Tor keeps on giving me the error "We can’t connect to ...

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