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Questions tagged [onion-routing]

Questions relating to onion routing, and onion routing protocols

17
votes
3answers
70k views

Where I can find, export or download the biggest list of all .onion addresses?

Where or how I can find, export or download the biggest list of all hidden service .onion addresses?
16
votes
4answers
9k views

Is it possible to make the Tor onion-routing path longer?

By default, Tor uses an onion-routing path with three hops: entry, relay (middle) and exit. Is it possible to configure (or, if necessary, recompile) Tor to use more than three hops? This would lessen ...
2
votes
1answer
462 views

Understanding the tor circuit

I try understanding the tor circuit, i understand that if I send "hello" to, for example, google.es the circuit is: () -> encryption Me -> (((input node))) -> ((normal node)) -> (output node) [text ...
58
votes
1answer
25k views

How do onion addresses exactly work?

I understand that the .onion address is a public key of sorts, but not much more than that (I can vaguely guess, though). When nobody knows the IP of the .onion address, how do requests reach it? Are ...
14
votes
3answers
6k views

Is running Tor over Tor dangerous?

I've read somewhere that running Tor over another Tor connection is not only non-productive but actually dangerous? For example: say I were running TBB on my machine and was running Whonix in 2 VMs ...
5
votes
2answers
186 views

How does a OR know that it is the cells final destination?

As far as i understood the payload is encrypted in layers and each relay router decrypts its layer as the cell passes along its way to the exit router. Contained within this payload is also the relay ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

What is the reasoning behind keeping hidden service onion RSA keys at 1024 length?

Is the cost to performance of using larger key length not cost effective? How would it negatively impact anyone if some hosts decided to use a larger key length (i.e. Why isn't anyone free to manually ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

Why does Tor publish IP addresses of exit nodes?

I am new to Tor and currently trying to understand the architecture of onion routing. However, I came across this TorDNSEL which makes it possible (for a tool using TorDNSEL) to detect whether ...
3
votes
2answers
369 views

Running Tor over Tor

So I am going to set up a Raspberry Pi Onion Router and I normally use the browser bundle would it be bad? More effective? Or just as effective as using just the browser bundle?
10
votes
4answers
42k views

What are the best Tor2Web anonymous gateways?

What are the best Tor2Web anonymous gateways to make Hidden Web-Services available on clearnet/standard Internet?
13
votes
1answer
4k views

Why does Tor use three hops, instead of two?

With onion-routing a relay in a circuit only knows its predecessor and its successor, while a "normal" proxy is just one hop, so that it knows who connects to it and where it has to connect to. ...
5
votes
4answers
7k views

Is there any bridge beetwen Tor and Freenet? Is there way to bridge Freenet site like a Tor hidden service?

Is there any bridge beetwen Tor and Freenet? Is there a way to bridge Freenet site like a Tor hidden service ( onion domain )? E.g. setting up site in Freenet network means, that this site splitted ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

What are advantages and disadvantages of Tor with respect to JonDonym?

Objectively, what are the advantages and disadvantages of Tor with respect to JonDonym (formerly known as JAP) in the sense of security and anonymity?
3
votes
1answer
1k views

What's the difference between the Tor proxy and the Browser Bundle?

I have done some research on Tor the past few months, trying to learn more about it's infrastructure, and have been successful for the most part. However, there is something that I can't seem to find ...
11
votes
1answer
2k views

How are domain names created in the Tor network? [duplicate]

I wonder how the .onion domain names can be created? I mean, I don't assume that there is any central domain name provider. So how and where are those addresses created?
7
votes
3answers
3k views

Where is the Tor API documentation?

I want to have a program I'm writing interact with the Internet exclusively through Tor. After perusing the Tor project's documentation it appears that they do not specify the API anywhere i.e. how a ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Finding all onion addresses

Is there any direct way to ask all registered onion addresses from Tor directories? If it is not available, it should be bruteforced for specific ports? I mean all 16 chars onion addresses should be ...
3
votes
1answer
546 views

How can Facebook's Tor Onion be constantly accessible with the massive bandwidth demand?

Background: (you can skip if you already know the details of Facebook's Hidden Service) In 2014, Facebook unveiled their Tor Hidden Service that let people from restricting governments access Facebook ...
2
votes
1answer
47 views

Relay cell size moving backward

I have been studying the papers on Tor and Onion Routing for my thesis and I have been trying to figure out how the whole cell size works. In the OR paper it is made clear that when a cell moves in ...
2
votes
0answers
1k views

Setting up Tor relay and port reachability test failed error message [closed]

Greeting earthlings, I am attempting to set up Tor relay and the only issue I am encountering is a message stating that Server Port Reachability test failed and directory port reachability test ...
1
vote
1answer
472 views

resolving onion domains partially fails

Init: For user anonymous configured transpared proxy. Wireshark sniffing lo... Trying to use console network-tools torified. anonymous@kali:/tmp$ time strace -s6000 -t -f dig facebookcorewwwi....
1
vote
1answer
1k views

Can the Tor Browser itself hide your location?

I know this is about the simplest of questions, but I've yet to come across an answer that gives me a sold yes or no answer. Basically, what I'm dealing with are average internet users who claim to ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

How to deal with DDOS attacks?

This post was not helpful: How to protect a hidden service against DDOS attack? My onion keeps getting hit with denial of service attacks. Is there anything I can do to minimize the effects? POST ...