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Questions tagged [exit-relays]

Questions related to running, and maintaining exit relays

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89 votes
8 answers
209k views

Can I exit from a specific country or node?

Lets say I want to get Netflix to work via Tor. Currently I keep pressing "new identity" until my traffic is exiting from a country supported by Netflix. I use Tor bridges to access the network. Is ...
Skyler 440's user avatar
  • 1,133
16 votes
1 answer
301 views

Which exit node providers can I financially support to run nodes on my behalf?

This blog post from 2011 mentions a few organisations that accept donations to run Tor exit nodes. What all organisations are there that accept donations to run exit nodes on my behalf?
asheeshr's user avatar
  • 1,053
14 votes
2 answers
2k views

When I click "New Identity", why do I sometimes end up with the same exit relay?

Three variants on the same question: If I click "new identity" in Tor Browser to get a new circuit, why does my new circuit sometimes have the same exit relay as the last circuit? Doesn't that hurt ...
Roger Dingledine's user avatar
13 votes
1 answer
1k views

What specifically causes an Exit to get a Bad Exit flag?

The consensus includes details of exits that are flagged as "Bad Exits". What are the specific conditions under which the Bad Exit flag is given to an exit?
Megan Walker's user avatar
  • 2,610
12 votes
4 answers
1k views

Good DNS services for exit nodes

Open DNS and others hijack failed DNS lookups. Some DNS services censor or block access to sites due to government or corporate coercion. Is there a list of preferred DNS servers, ones that don't ...
Herbalist's user avatar
  • 465
11 votes
1 answer
1k views

How is data sent back from exit node to me?

I understand how the client sends the data through Tor to the sever. Onion routing Basically, it selects a set of nodes to form a circuit, say nodeA nodeB nodeC. It then encrypts the data this way: ...
Sergio's user avatar
  • 213
11 votes
1 answer
791 views

Why does the number of open circuits fluctuate that much in my heartbeat logs?, new d

I have a new exit relay running on DSL. It's version 0.2.3.25 running on Windows. Most of the time, there's only a few connections, but every so often there's a lot more. They all appear and disappear ...
Herbalist's user avatar
  • 465
11 votes
5 answers
15k views

IP address in specific city

Do I have the ability to choose an exit IP Address at city-level? I need my IP address to show as Phoenix, Arizona. How do I chose that location for an IP Address?
Janice's user avatar
  • 111
10 votes
2 answers
7k views

How reliable is setting an exit via country code?

In torrc, you can select exit nodes by country code (https://www.torproject.org/docs/faq.html.en#ChooseEntryExit) - how reliable is that selection? Could a malicious (or simply poorly-configured) ...
joncam's user avatar
  • 355
10 votes
0 answers
375 views

Why does adding a Guard-Exit (EE) node in Tor yield more catch probability than adding a guard and exit node separately? [duplicate]

The following is the default Tor network in shadow simulator: Total BW of Guard flagged nodes=258.15 MB/S Total BW of Middle nodes=23.69 MB/S Total BW of Exit flagged nodes=13.23 MB/S Total BW ...
saurav's user avatar
  • 767
9 votes
4 answers
381 views

May I do security inspection on exit relays?

If I decide to run an exit relay may I run security inspection (Intrusion Prevention System, anti-spam, anti-malware etc.) on the traffic leaving the Tor network? Would this be considered legally and ...
pabouk - Ukraine stay strong's user avatar
9 votes
2 answers
2k views

What common sites are known to be troublesome for Tor use?

Certain sites block traffic from known exit nodes, and some sites simply show a CAPTCHA due to excessive abuse, etc. Is there a list of websites known to be troublesome for visitors using Tor?
Andrew Lott's user avatar
  • 2,744
9 votes
1 answer
279 views

Can you confirm that my IP address was a Tor relay a few months ago?

Let's assume I received a letter today that accuses me of downloading an illegal file, posting something inappropriate in a forum, or hacking into a system. And that happened a few months ago. But I ...
karsten's user avatar
  • 1,409
9 votes
3 answers
498 views

What can I do to reduce risk of malicious traffic leaving my exit relay besides setting the exit policy?

I am considering running an exit relay. Unfortunately this opens possibility of legal issues and traffic restrictions from my Internet Service Provider. See Abuse FAQ and Legal FAQ. There is a nice ...
pabouk - Ukraine stay strong's user avatar
9 votes
2 answers
6k views

Why does Tor publish IP addresses of exit nodes?

I am new to Tor and currently trying to understand the architecture of onion routing. However, I came across this TorDNSEL which makes it possible (for a tool using TorDNSEL) to detect whether ...
S. Holmes's user avatar
  • 105
9 votes
1 answer
2k views

In what ways can private relays be used?

There are applications where private relays, not listed in public consensus directories, would perhaps be useful. For example, one might use four-relay circuits with private entry guards and exit ...
mirimir's user avatar
  • 2,977
9 votes
1 answer
434 views

My exit-node suddenly lost all of its consensus weight, I don't know where to start troubleshooting

The node in question is the following: https://atlas.torproject.org/#details/3D7E274A87D9A89AF064C13D1EE4CA1F184F2600 The node has been restarted recently in hope of that fixing it, alas to no avail....
schokomilch's user avatar
8 votes
3 answers
416 views

Why are there only 1000 exit relays?

I see from the Tor network-metrics page that there are only ~1000 exit relays. Even if the Tor browser is secure, having so few exit relays limits the anonymity provided, right? How could the Tor ...
esa's user avatar
  • 199
8 votes
3 answers
10k views

Does running the Tor browser turn me into a (exit) relay?

If the person downloads the Tor Browser and uses it to surf the Internet, is this person also automatically running a Tor exit node or a Tor relay? Or other nodes?
Next's user avatar
  • 111
8 votes
2 answers
7k views

What Tor-friendly hosting providers allow anonymous accounts?

There are at least three levels to "Tor-friendly": allow clients; allow non-exit relays; allow exit relays. In any case, the provider must accept SSH connections via Tor. By "anonymous accounts", I ...
mirimir's user avatar
  • 2,977
7 votes
1 answer
28k views

I want USA only ip addresses, how do i set that up? [duplicate]

Would like a step by step explanation on how i can set my Tor to only use USA ip/exit nodes, thank you....
Willy Wonka's user avatar
7 votes
3 answers
6k views

How to increase the Advertised Bandwidth of Tor onion router (OR)?

I am operating Tor relay as an exit on 10 MegaBytes/s speed network. But when checking from http://atlas.torproject.org, it shows only 700KBps Advertised Bandwidth. How to increase this bandwidth?
saurav's user avatar
  • 767
7 votes
1 answer
2k views

What are the minimum amount of nodes traffic passes through?

Is there a minimum amount of nodes traffic goes through before reaching it's destination? To my understanding of Tor, every node increases the effectiveness of the encrypted communication.
McGafter's user avatar
  • 375
7 votes
2 answers
899 views

Can Tor nodes know their position in the circuit?

It is documented which node knows what. I'm wondering if the nodes in the circuit know their own relative position. For normal three relay paths, they certainly can infer their position: the exit ...
user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
257 views

What is this warning in the Tor log?

My Tor log shows this entry. What does this mean? Apr 04 16:08:07.000 [warn] Rejecting INTRODUCE1 on non-OR or non-edge circuit 7503.
Herbalist's user avatar
  • 465
6 votes
3 answers
2k views

How can Tor users and Tor Network protect themselves from an exit node that is actively logging or manipulating exit traffic?

Tor Exit nodes are the last hop in the circuit a Tor client establishes to reach a service in the Internet. Exit nodes handle the actual traffic of the client, either it's encrypted or not. That ...
alaf's user avatar
  • 2,526
6 votes
1 answer
1k views

Does running Orbot mean I am running a Tor exit relay?

I downloaded Orbot on my tablet and I've been reading about the Tor network and I looked up "Is running Tor illegal in the U.S.". I found out about exit-relays and the Orbot app said something about ...
user101488's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
169 views

Is there any possibility that exit node in one of our sessions will be our own relay?

If we chose to become an exit node at the same time while routing our connections through Tor, is there a possibility that our own exit node is going to be the exit node that we just set up? (As a ...
chaotic's user avatar
  • 61
5 votes
4 answers
7k views

Is my Tor browser's connection to the Tor routing network encrypted?

I have frequently heard that the endpoints of a Tor connection are unencrypted. This makes no sense to me. If the purpose of Tor was originally to protect dissidents in places like China, then why ...
Friendly's user avatar
  • 215
5 votes
3 answers
2k views

Is it possible to know which entry node, middle node, and exit node one is using while using TBB?

Is it possible to know which entry node, middle node, and exit node one is using while using TBB online. Also, be informed as node changes or additional nodes being added online while using TBB.
Roya's user avatar
  • 3,228
5 votes
3 answers
389 views

How can I set up the most useful Tor node?

I've heard of Torservers and Noisetor. I've considered donating to them, but I want to avoid consolidating the Tor network in those two organizations, so I'd like to operate my own Tor node. (I also ...
flamsmark's user avatar
  • 369
5 votes
2 answers
2k views

How to create a private exit node?

I would like to create an private exit node that only I have access, it will be set on my personal computer, then plan to create "exit node" to relatives who live USA and France so I can have a fully ...
amos's user avatar
  • 51
5 votes
3 answers
6k views

Is the “Ron's Coffee” Tor-related hack technically possible in episode 1x01 of Mr. Robot?

In the episode 1x01 of Mr. Robot, Elliot confronts the owner of Ron's Coffee. He basically states that the man is hosting illegal (child pornography) content served in the form of a website that the ...
fabschurt's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
138 views

How feasible is that Directories grant you only compromised nodes to build the circuit from?

I asked this question about Tor and how secure are the first steps before the circuit is made (the guy who answered me, lead me to this site which i didn't know). Please correct me if I'm wrong (or ...
Luis Masuelli's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
13k views

Setting the country of the tor ExitNodes

I'm having some trouble in setting the country of the tor exit nodes. Following this link, by adding the bellow entries to the ./Data/torrc ExitNodes {ru} StrictNodes 1 an exit node from the ...
Sebi's user avatar
  • 345
5 votes
1 answer
523 views

Can I run an exit relay through a VPN service?

Is it possible to run an exit relay through a VPN service? As long as the service provider has approved this, is it otherwise workable? Do any technical limitations or performance disadvantages make ...
mirimir's user avatar
  • 2,977
5 votes
1 answer
2k views

How would I block exit nodes correctly?

I'm attempting to advise another party on how to block just requests from Tor exit nodes, not non-exit relays. I think I understand the correct data sources to provide to them, but I'd like ...
I answer wrong - have fun's user avatar
5 votes
0 answers
698 views

Why does Torbutton circuit view not consistently show the correct exit node?

Making an arbitrary number of new identities will eventually cause the circuit view in Torbutton to show the wrong exit node. This is a screenshot I took to show the problem. Notice Torbutton thinks ...
Joey's user avatar
  • 438
4 votes
3 answers
5k views

ExitNodes directive not working?

I'm a Tor newbie. I've installed tor and tor-browser on Ubuntu 12.04 machine. It launches well and seems to work as expected. I wanted to set my exit node in the country of my choosing and found the ...
stdcerr's user avatar
  • 151
4 votes
2 answers
3k views

Accessing Tor hidden services over a single hop circuit

I will presage the expected warnings before posting my question: I fully understand the security risks involved using single hops, however, with regards to my goals I have zero need for anonymity. I ...
faustus's user avatar
  • 168
4 votes
1 answer
971 views

What does the heartbeat line in my torrc mean?

I know that the Tor logs are in /var/log/tor. I have a question as to what one of the lines in the log means though. I see something along these lines: Heartbeat: Tor's uptime is 4 days 18:00 hours, ...
Dave's user avatar
  • 135
4 votes
1 answer
2k views

What are Tor Node Selection Rules?

What are the rules by which Tor Proxies select entry, exit, and middle nodes from the list of Tor nodes? Where is this implemented in the source code?
Kinnard Hockenhull's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
2k views

Where does tor look for directory servers?

I'm working on a project and need to determine how tor determines directory authorities. Looking at the source of version 0.2.8.0-alpha-dev (git-d015c70a118e4357) in file or/config.c there are a ...
Sebi's user avatar
  • 345
4 votes
1 answer
431 views

What is the risk of guard relay and exit relay being one and the same?

Looking at the circuits build for a client during a Tor process, I have noticed the following: Four circuits were built. On the first circuit the guard node was a1. On the second circuit the exit ...
Roya's user avatar
  • 3,228
4 votes
1 answer
2k views

Many exit nodes unable to download from file hosting sites

My country recently blocked quite a number of popular file hosting sites (e.g. uploaded.net) at the IP level. Using Tor circumvents this but I'm finding that most (nearly all?) Tor exit nodes are ...
user773's user avatar
  • 41
4 votes
1 answer
467 views

Do exit node operators risk being charged with downloading or trafficking child porn?

One of the most common reasons I hear for not running an exit relay is the risk of it being used to access child porn and the owner of the exit node being accused or charged with downloading or ...
Herbalist's user avatar
  • 465
4 votes
1 answer
6k views

How to bypass sites that blocks tor?

Tor has many mechanisms for obfuscating its traffic to prevent packet inspection. The "meek" pluggable transport helps to hide this deep packet inspection and hide it as https traffic. (This works ...
Nikhil Alex George's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
5k views

How can I get a relay's fingerprint?

I recently checked https://check.torproject.org/ and noticed Atlas to get information for the exit node. I want to craft and directly open the url for the relay without going through the Tor Project ...
1.61803's user avatar
  • 193
4 votes
1 answer
710 views

Use only specifics exit nodes for a site

In torrc, using AllowDotExit and MapAddress I can specify only one exit node for "mysite.com". For example with: AllowDotExit 1 MapAddress mysite.com mysite.com.mynode.exit With ExitNodes and ...
Mark's user avatar
  • 41
4 votes
1 answer
6k views

Tor on linux - how to select exit nodes manually

On windows, there is an application called Advanced Onion Router (or, AdvTOR) which lets you choose your tor exit nodes, and it lists them all out. This is great, because some exit nodes have ...
Jason Rigley's user avatar

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