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when using tor expert bundle as a socks proxy dns traffic still appears unencrypted . what are the solutions tor provides for dns ?

  • how can i run multiple instances of tor.exe each with a different control port?

  • how to connect to tor's control port(9050) and make a newnym signal?

closed as too broad by cacahuatl, Jens Kubieziel Mar 14 '17 at 21:33

Please edit the question to limit it to a specific problem with enough detail to identify an adequate answer. Avoid asking multiple distinct questions at once. See the How to Ask page for help clarifying this question. If this question can be reworded to fit the rules in the help center, please edit the question.

  • How do you know that your Tor is only sending HTTP traffic. Please explain how you encountered it and what tools you maybe used. – Jens Kubieziel Jun 24 '16 at 15:13
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    I said one question per question, you have now added two new questions to a year old question. Ask a new question if you have a new question and it hasn't already been answered. – cacahuatl Mar 13 '17 at 16:58
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Encrypted Traffic

Tor is agnostic to the data that is routed through the network. Data is protected as it traverses the network but not before it enters or after it leaves. It is the responsibility of the application to ensure that appropriate cryptography is used to ensure communications authenticity, integrity, and confidentiality. If the application is sending confidential or sensitive information in plaintext it is not fit for purpose and shouldn't be used at all.

DNS

DNS is a plaintext protocol, it cannot be encrypted. However you can route your DNS requests over Tor, unlinking your identity from the requests, by (in order of preference):

  1. Using SOCKS5 with remote hostname lookup.
  2. Using Tor's DNSPort.

Option 1 requires that the application supports this, many don't, and those that do often don't enforce it consistently.

Option 2 would require configuring Tor to listen on port 53/udp and setting your network configuration to explicitly use 127.0.0.1 as the resolver. This will cause all DNS requests for the system to be resolved through Tor and this may not be a good choice, as it could link together your activities on Tor with your activities outside of Tor. Not to mention Windows bizzaro chain of actions in it's attempt to resolve an address which isn't even consistent between updates, never mind versions of Windows. You may end up telling everyone on your network what you're trying to resolve. (hint: WINS/NetBIOS)

NEWNYM

NEWNYM signals are sent over Tor's ControlPort (N.B. 9050 is normally the SOCKSPort not the ControlPort), requests are sent over a plain TCP connection (or UNIX socket), one to a line and each line terminated by a carriage-return and line-feed (although it seems tolerant to just a line-feed). First you must send an AUTHENTICATE request, this may require some authentication data like a password or a cookie, depending on your configuration, then a SIGNAL NEWNYM request.

There are various software packages like Stem, txtorcon, bulb, and orc which can talk the control port protocol.

The protocol is defined here, it's pretty straight forward and a few lines of python or whatever your preferred language is would be sufficient to create a script that would send the correct commands if you don't want to, or cannot, use the pre-existing libraries (I'm not sure how well they all support Windows, see my comments further down)

Multiple copies of Tor

Yes, it is perfectly fine to run multiple copies of Tor, each with different ports however they must also each use a different DataDirectory. You can also run a single copy of Tor with multiple ports configured. See the fine manual

SOCKSPort [address:]port|unix:path|auto [flags] [isolation flags]

Open this port to listen for connections from SOCKS-speaking applications. Set this to 0 if you don’t want to allow application connections via SOCKS. Set it to "auto" to have Tor pick a port for you. This directive can be specified multiple times to bind to multiple addresses/ports. (Default: 9050)

Windows

Outside of Tor Browser, there is very little tooling around Tor on Windows. Generally Windows is not considered a platform that is compatible with anonymity. It is closed source and relies on you trusting that isn't not going to betray you.

Outside of purely Windows issues, many applications are not suitable for use with Tor, they leak and they report identifying information about you, which even if anonymized on the network level by Tor, will still identify you. As such you should try to stick to using tools like Tor Browser which have been robustly designed to not leak or send identifying information.


In future, one question per question, please. This answer already feel needlessly long. It's called the Expert Bundle for a reason!

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You cannot send signal NEWNYM using port 9050. Usually, the default controllport for tor is 9051. You have to use 9051 to send signal NEWNYM.

Port 9050 is used to have anonymous traffic.

Here is telnet example to send signal using telnet

Leelas-MacBook-Pro:~ Pediredla$ telnet localhost 9051
Trying ::1...
telnet: connect to address ::1: Connection refused
Trying 127.0.0.1...
Connected to localhost.
Escape character is '^]'.
AUTHENTICATE
250 OK
SIGNAL NEWNYM
250 OK

Also see https://stem.torproject.org/api/connection.html they have python implementation of tor controller.

Also check your torrc file for the type of authentication you are using.

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